American golfer Jack Nicklaus sets title record

American golfer Jack Nicklaus sets title record

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On August 12, 1973, American golfer Jack Nicklaus wins the Professional Golfers’ Association (PGA) championship for his 14th major title, surpassing Bobby Jones’ record of 13 major championships. Nicklaus shot a seven-under-par 277 at Canterbury Golf Club in Beachwood, Ohio, to win $45,000 and his third PGA National championship. The “Golden Bear” went on to win 18 major tournaments, a record that still stands today. (Although it aptly describes his golden-colored hair and large build, Nicklaus’ famous moniker is actually derived from his high school alma mater, the Upper Arlington Golden Bears.)

Regarded as the greatest golfer of the 20th century, Nicklaus was born in Columbus, Ohio, in 1940. He began playing golf at the age of 10 and at the age of 16 won his first significant tournament, the Ohio Open. In 1959, he won the U.S. Amateur championship, which at the time was still considered one of golf’s major tournaments. Two years later, he repeated the feat and announced he was turning professional. His first major professional title was the 1962 U.S. Open at the Oakmont Country Club in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. He was derided by spectators for beating fan-favorite Arnold Palmer, and a rivalry was born between the two American golfers that lasted through the 1960s.

Nicklaus was a major force in professional golf from 1962 through 1986. He won six Masters tournaments, five PGA championships, four U.S. Open titles, and three British Open titles. He was a member of the winning U.S. World Cup team six times and was a record three-time individual World Cup winner. Nicklaus demonstrated remarkable composure under competitive pressure. On August 12, 1973, he surpassed the record of most major championships set by American golfer Bobby Jones in 1930. Nicklaus’ last major title was in 1986 when, at age 46, he became the oldest Masters winner in history. By that time, he had played in 100 major championships, finishing in the top three nearly 50 times.

A member of the World Golf Hall of Fame since 1974, the PGA named him Golfer of the Century in 1988. He joined the Senior tour in 1990, winning the U.S. Senior Open in 1991 and 1993. Throughout his career, Nicklaus also designed many noted golf courses, including Muirfield Village Golf Course in Ohio, site of the Nicklaus-sponsored Memorial Tournament.

In 2005, Nicklaus announced he was retiring from professional tournament play after that year’s British Open.

1960 U.S. Open (golf)

The 1960 U.S. Open was the 60th U.S. Open, held June 16–18 at Cherry Hills Country Club in Cherry Hills Village, Colorado, a suburb of Denver. Arnold Palmer staged the greatest comeback in U.S. Open history, erasing a seven-stroke deficit during the final round to win his only U.S. Open title. [3] [4] [5] It is remembered as a crossroads for the three primary contenders in the final round: Palmer, Ben Hogan, and amateur Jack Nicklaus, three of the greatest players in the history of golf. [6] [7]

Having already won the Masters, Palmer was half-way to the single-season Grand Slam with his win at Cherry Hills. His quest ended three weeks later at the British Open, when he lost to Kel Nagle by one stroke at St Andrews. Two weeks later, he finished five strokes back in a tie for seventh at the PGA Championship, the only major that eluded him for his career. This was Palmer's only victory at the U.S. Open he finished second four times, including three losses in playoffs in 1962, 1963, and 1966.

This was the third major championship at Cherry Hills, which previously hosted the U.S. Open in 1938 and the PGA Championship in 1941. The U.S. Open returned in 1978 and the PGA Championship in 1985. The average elevation of the course exceeds 5,300 feet (1,620 m) above sea level.

2. Jack Nicklaus

Jack Nicklaus did not dominate his contemporaries quite like Tiger dominated his during his peak, but what stands out about the Golden Bear is just how consistently great he was. Everyone knows Nicklaus won the most majors (18), but he also finished second in 19 other majors. He won 73 PGA Tour titles, third-best in golf history. The breadth and depth of Nicklaus' career matches, and arguably (for the time being) exceeds those of Woods', but Nicklaus' "peak value" falls short of Woods'. Nobody, not even Nicklaus, has ever been as good as Woods' best.

23. Cary Middlecoff

Tennessee native Cary Middlecoff was called “Doc” because he worked as a dentist before becoming a professional golfer in 1947. He won at least one PGA Tour event every year of his career, according to the World Golf Hall of Fame, finishing his run with 40 wins, which is the 10th-most in history. Among that massive tally of victories, the last of which came in 1961, Middlecoff also won three majors and finished second at the 1955 PGA Championship.

He was also the first amateur to ever win the prestigious North and South Open, which had also counted legends like Ben Hogan and Sam Snead among its victors.

Byron Nelson wins 18 tournaments in a calendar year to set an all-time PGA Tour record-including a record 11 in a row and a record 19 consecutive rounds under 70. His total prize earnings during his 11-win streak, $30,000, is less than last place money for the PGA Tour Championship by 1992.

The Tam O'Shanter Open offers a then-record purse of $60,000.

Sam Snead travels to St Andrews to compete in the first post-war British Open, and is victorious, winning by four shots from Johnny Bulla and Bobby Locke.

Lloyd Mangrum wins the U.S. Open in a second playoff, after three players - Mangrum, Byron Nelson and Vic Ghezzi - all tie with 72 in the first playoff.

The U.S. Women's Open is instituted. Patty Berg is the first winner.

Mildred "Babe" Zaharias becomes the first American to win the British Ladies Amateur, at Gullane.

Golf is televised for the first time, in a local St. Louis telecast of the U.S. Open.

Lew Worsham wins a playoff for the U.S. Open against Sam Snead. The playoff ends in controversy as Worsham asks officials to measure which ball is closest to the hole, just as Snead is about to putt. The measure proves Snead is to putt first, but he misses, and Worsham holes his putt for victory.

Amateur Frank Stranahan finishes runner-up at both the U.S. Masters (two shots behind Jimmy Demaret), and the British Open (a shot behind Fred Daly). Leading amateur players would continue to make occasional forays onto the leaderboards of major championships (excepting the PGA, for obvious reasons) until the early 1960s, since when it has become extremely rare for an amateur to finish in the top-ten.

Jim Ferrier becomes the first Australian to win a major championship, when he defeats Chick Harbert 2 and 1 in the final of the PGA Championship.

Golf World magazine is founded.

Henry Cotton wins his third British Open, at the age of 41.

Ben Hogan wins eleven tournaments during the season, including both the U.S. Open and PGA Championships.

Club professional Claude Harmon - invited after finishing twentieth in the previous year's U.S. Open - wins the Masters championship.

Bobby Locke sets a PGA Tour record with a 16-stroke winning margin in the Chicago Victory National Championship.

Herbert Warren Wind's authoritative The Story of American Golf is published.

The U.S. Junior Amateur is instituted. Ken Venturi loses to Dean Lind in the first final.

The USGA Golf Journal is founded.

In February, Ben Hogan is involved in a terrible car accident that nearly kills him, and leaves him unable to walk, let alone play golf, for the whole season. In his absence, Sam Snead enjoys his finest season, winning the Masters, the PGA Championship and finishing second at the U.S. Open to Cary Middlecoff.

Bobby Locke becomes the first South African to win the British Open.

Louise Suggs wins the U.S. Women's Open by a record margin of 14 strokes.

Marie Roke of Wollaston, Massachusetts aces a 393-yard (359 m) hole—the longest ace ever recorded by a woman.

The U.S. side defeat Great Britain and Ireland 7–5 to win the Ryder Cup at Ganton, in Yorkshire. The following week, the team stay in England to accept invites to the News of the World Match Play here, however, they are unable to take the trophy, for although Lloyd Mangrum reaches the semi-final, the eventual winner is Welshman Dai Rees.

The LPGA is founded, replacing the ailing Women's Professional Golf Association.

Ben Hogan, only weeks after returning to the PGA Tour following a near-fatal auto accident, wins the U.S. Open at Merion.

The USGA and the R & A, in a conference, complete a newly revised Rules of Golf. Although in 1951 the R & A and the USGA continue to differ over the size of the golf ball, all other conflicts are resolved in this momentous conference. The center-shafted putter is legalized worldwide. The out-of-bounds penalty is standardized at stroke-and-distance, and the stymie is finally and forever abolished.

Golf Digest is founded, with Bill Davis as editor.

On February 10, Al Brosch became the first PGA player to shoot a round of 11 under par. Brosch set the record in the third round of the Texas Open at Brackenridge Park Golf Course in San Antonio, Texas.

Despite competing in only 5 events in a playing schedule severely curtailed following his car crash, Ben Hogan finishes fourth on the U.S. Tour money list. From his five starts, Hogan wins the Masters, the U.S. Open and the World Championship of Golf. He finishes 2nd and 4th in his other two events - the Seminole Pro-Am and the Colonial Invitational.

Marlene Hagge wins the Sarasota Open when she is 18 years 14 days old—an LPGA record.

Patty Berg shoots an LPGA-record of 64 for an 18-hole round.

The National Hole-in-One Clearing House is established by Golf Digest.

Tommy Armour's How to Play Your Best Golf All the Time is published and becomes the first golf book ever to hit the best-seller lists.

Ben Hogan wins the first three legs of the modern Grand Slam (The Masters, U.S. Open, and British Open), but does not compete in the final leg, the PGA Championship.

The Tam O'Shanter World Championship becomes the first tournament to be nationally televised. Lew Worsham holes a 104-yard (95 m) wedge shot on the final hole for eagle and victory in one of the most dramatic finishes ever.

The Canada Cup is instituted, the first event that brings together teams from all over the world. After 1966 the tournament is known as the World Cup. The inaugural tournament is won by Argentina, whose two-man team of Roberto De Vicenzo and Antonio Cerdá beats a 9-team field that includes a United States team of Julius Boros and Jim Turnesa. Within a couple of years, more than 30 nations are represented at the event, which becomes one of the most important fixtures on golf's calendar.

Sam Snead defeats Ben Hogan 70–71 in a playoff for the U.S. Masters

Peter Thomson wins the British Open, the first of five victories he will achieve in the event.

Architect Robert Trent Jones, upon receiving complaints that he has made the par-3 fourth hole at Baltusrol too hard for the upcoming U.S. Open, plays the hole to see for himself and records a hole-in-one.

The U.S. Open is nationally televised for the first time.

The Tam O'Shanter World Championship offers the first $100,000 purse for a golf tournament. Bob Toski wins the $50,000 first prize. Toski's three other tournament victories on the PGA Tour this year earn him a total of $8,000.

All-Star Golf, a filmed series of matches, debuts on network television.

Babe Zaharias returns to the LPGA Tour following cancer surgery and wins the U.S. Women's Open.

The first PGA Merchandise Show is held in a parking lot in Dunedin, Florida, outside the PGA National Golf Club. Salesmen work the show out of the trunks of their cars. The Show goes on to become one of the main events on the golfing calendar—by 1994 it grows to over 30,000 attendees, four days, and has become the single largest tenant of the Orange County Convention Center in Orlando, spilling over 220,000 square feet (20,000 m 2 ) of exhibit space.

Ben Hogan, chasing a record fifth U.S. Open title, surprisingly loses a playoff to rookie Jack Fleck.

On February 17, Mike Souchak began one of the most spectacular four-day performances in PGA history with a round of 60. In winning the Texas Open at the Brackenridge Park Golf Course in San Antonio, Texas, three days later Souchak set a 72-hole record by finishing 27 under par. His rounds of 60–68–64–65 resulted in a total of 257. Souchak's record withstood the challenges of nearly 2,000 PGA events before Mark Calcavecchia finally broke it in 2001.

Cary Middlecoff, winner of the Masters the previous year, wins the U.S. Open title, by a shot from Ben Hogan and Julius Boros. Peter Thomson, who would go on to win a third consecutive British Open championship, finishes fourth.

Jack Burke Jr. wins both the Masters and the PGA Championship, his Masters victory coming after third-round leader, amateur Ken Venturi, stumbles with an 80 in the final round.

The current yardage guides for par are adopted by the USGA.

The Great Britain and Ireland team wins the Ryder Cup Matches at Lindrick, ending a drought that dates back to 1935.

Harvie Ward loses his amateur status for accepting expenses from sponsors for golf tournaments. The ruling is reversed in 1958.

Ben Hogan's Five Lessons is published.

Arnold Palmer is allowed a controversial free drop to save par in the final round of The Masters, and he goes on to defeat Ken Venturi.

Art Wall Jr. enjoys his finest season, winning the Masters and topping the U.S. Tour Money list following three further victories. The year also marks the arrival as major champions of Gary Player, winner of the British Open, and Billy Casper, winner of the U.S. Open.

Bill Wright, in winning the U.S. Amateur Public Links, becomes the first African-American to win a national championship.

Golf Magazine is founded, with Charles Price as the first editor.

Arnold Palmer comes back from six shots down in the final round to win the U.S. Open, with 20-year-old Amateur Jack Nicklaus finishing runner-up. With his victory, Palmer completes the first two legs of the modern Grand Slam after winning The Masters in April, the first player to win both since Ben Hogan in 1953. He goes on to finish second to Australian Kel Nagle in the British Open to end his bid for the Grand Slam. Palmer's entry in the British Open is credited with reviving American interest in the championship, which had rarely attracted America's leading players since World War Two. Palmer went on to win the British Open in both 1961 and 1962.

Lifting, cleaning, and repairing ballmarks is allowed on the putting green for the first time.

Gary Player becomes the first foreign player to win The Masters.

Caucasians-only clause stricken from the PGA constitution, and at the Greater Greensboro Open, Charlie Sifford becomes the first black golfer to play in a PGA co-sponsored tournament in the South.

Dr. Joseph Boydstone records 11 aces in one calendar year. Three were recorded in one round, at Bakersfield C.C., Calif.

Jack Nicklaus wins his first professional tournament, the U.S. Open, making him (among his many other notable records) one of very few players to win the U.S. Open as their first pro victory (Orville Moody and Jerry Pate would later emulate the feat).

Painted lines are first utilized to mark water hazards at the U.S. Open.

Arnold Palmer becomes the first professional to earn over $100,000 in official prize money in one calendar year.

Mickey Wright wins a record 13 events on the LPGA Tour in one year.

Bob Charles becomes the first New Zealander to win a major championship, winning the British Open after a playoff with American Phil Rodgers.

The casting method for irons is first employed.

Mickey Wright sets the LPGA 18-hole record with a 62 at Hogan Park GC in the Tall City Open.

Norman Manley, an amateur from Long Beach, California, scores holes-in-one on two successive par-4s at Del Valley CC, Calif. It is the first and only time this feat has been accomplished.

Tony Lema, the colorful U.S. professional, wins the British Open at St Andrews. It would be Lema's greatest triumph before he was killed in an air crash in 1966, aged just 32.

Mark McCormack establishes the Piccadilly World Match Play Championship at Wentworth, which brings together the year's four major winners, and other invited leading players of the year from the British and American tours. The inaugural event is won by Arnold Palmer, who defeats Britain's Neil Coles in the final. Gary Player would come to dominate the event for the following decade with five wins, twice defeating Jack Nicklaus in the final.

Sam Snead wins the Greater Greensboro Open, his 81st Tour victory, a record (the total was later revised to 82). His victory is the eighth in the Greensboro event, also a record. Finally, he wins at the age of 52, also a PGA Tour record.

Jack Nicklaus sets a tournament record of 271 in winning The Masters.

Gary Player wins the U.S. Open championship after a playoff with Australian Kel Nagle, to complete a career "Grand Slam" of the four major professional titles. He becomes only the third player (Gene Sarazen and Ben Hogan were the first two) to accomplish the feat.

Peter Thomson wins a fifth Open Championship, and in so doing proves that he can beat a field that includes the leading U.S. Tour professionals of the day, many of whom had ignored the event for his wins in the 1950s. On the final day, Thomson overtook Tony Lema, Bruce Devlin and Arnold Palmer to win.

Dave Marr wins the PGA Championship, by two shots from Jack Nicklaus and Billy Casper. Although Marr would never win another major title as a player, he would go on to become one of the most popular and well-respected TV commentators on the game.

Mrs. William Jenkins Sr. of Baltimore, Maryland, double-eagles the par-five 12th hole at Longview GC, the longest ever recorded by a woman.

On October 7, 1965, a 50 mph (80 km/h) wind gust helped golfer Robert Mitera sink history's longest hole-in-one, a 447-yard (409 m) ace of the 10th hole at Omaha's Miracle Hill Golf Club.

PGA Tour Qualifying School is inaugurated at PGA National, with 17 golfers of the 49 applicants winning their playing cards.

Arnold Palmer blows a six-shot lead in the final round of the U.S. Open, dropping back into a playoff, which he loses, to a surging Billy Casper at Olympic. Although he remained one of the world's leading players for another decade, and one of its most influential and charismatic figures for the rest of his career, Palmer would never win another major championship.

Jack Nicklaus wins his first British Open championship, to become the fourth player to complete a career "Grand Slam", just a year after Gary Player became the third. It would be another 34 years before a fifth player (Tiger Woods) accomplished the feat.

After six finishes in the top three without a victory, Argentine Roberto De Vicenzo wins a popular British Open victory at Hoylake, by two shots from Jack Nicklaus and by six from Gary Player and local favourite Clive Clark.

A year after losing the same event in a playoff to Jack Nicklaus, Gay Brewer wins the Masters.

Charlie Sifford, by winning the Greater Hartford Open, becomes the first African-American to win a PGA Tour event.

Catherine Lacoste becomes the first amateur to win the U.S. Women's Open.

The Canada Cup changes its name to the World Cup.

Arnold Palmer passes the $1 million mark in career PGA earnings.

The PGA of America and the PGA Tour officially split, with the tournament professionals forming a breakaway group known as the Association of Professional Golfers. The breach is eventually healed, and a Tournament Players Division of the PGA is formed. Joe Dey is elected the next year as the first PGA Tour commissioner.

Roberto De Vicenzo "ties" Bob Goalby after regulation play in The Masters, but signs an incorrect scorecard (that showed him having scored a 4 on the 17th hole instead of the 3 he actually took) and so loses the event by that stroke without a playoff. The sad decision is announced to incredulous spectators only after officials and tournament advisors including Bobby Jones do everything they can to scour the rulebook for a possible loophole.

Canada wins the World Cup of Golf—the event previously known as the Canada Cup, which they never won—in Italy. Their 2-man team of Al Balding and George Knudson beat U.S. team Lee Trevino and Julius Boros by two shots.

Tommy Moore, age 6 years 1 month, 1 week, becomes the youngest player to score a hole-in-one. Moore also becomes, in 1975, the youngest player ever to score a double-eagle.

Ollie Bowers of Gaffney, South Carolina completes a record 542 rounds (9,756 holes) in one calendar year.

Tony Jacklin becomes the first home player to win the British Open for 18 years, with a two-shot victory over Bob Charles at Royal Lytham.

Jack Nicklaus concedes Tony Jacklin's final putt and Britain ties the U.S. in the Ryder Cup Matches, after five consecutive defeats. The gesture is often hailed as "the greatest act of sportsmanship in history."

The trendsetting Harbour Town Golf Links opens on Hilton Head Island, South Carolina, designed by Pete Dye with assistance from Jack Nicklaus.

So often disappointed in final-round battles at Augusta, Billy Casper finally wins a Masters championship, after a playoff against fellow veteran Gene Littler.

Tony Jacklin becomes the first British winner of the U.S. Open for almost 50 years, at Hazeltine. As of 2009, he is the last European to win this event.

Jack Nicklaus wins a playoff against Doug Sanders to win the British Open at St Andrews. Sanders, three times before a runner-up in major championships, missed a short putt on the final hole of regulation play to secure the title.

Bill Burke, with a 57 at Normandie C.C., sets the all-time official record for low 18-hole score.

Thad Doker of Durham, N.C., records a record two-under par 70 in the World One Club Championship at Lochmere CC.

JoAnne Carner wins the U.S. Women's Open, becoming the first person ever to win three different individual USGA championship events. She had previously won the U.S. Girls' Junior once and the U.S. Women's Amateur five times.

Laura Baugh wins the U.S. Women's Amateur at 16 years 2 months of age.

Alan Shepard hits a six-iron at "Fra Mauro Country Club" on the moon.

Lee Trevino enjoys an astonishing summer, winning the U.S. Open, the Canadian Open, and then the British Open Championship, in quick succession. He becomes the first player to win the U.S and British Opens in the same year since Ben Hogan in 1953. His British Open victory comes after a final-round duel with immediate crowd favourite Lu Liang-Huan, from Taiwan - "Mr. Lu" - the first time any Asian golfer had finished in the top three of a major tournament.

Jack Nicklaus wins the PGA Championship - unusually played in February in 1971 - but then surprisingly loses the Masters, beaten in the final round by unheralded playing partner Charles Coody. Nicklaus would then lose a playoff for the U.S. Open to Lee Trevino.

The classic golf book Golf in the Kingdom by Michael Murphy, is published.

Carolyn Cudone wins the U.S. Senior Women's Amateur for a record fifth consecutive time.

Dick Kimbrough completes 364 holes in 24 hours at the 6,068 North Platte CC in Nebraska.

Tom Doty records 10-under-par in four holes at Brookwood CC, Illinois. His streak includes a double-eagle, two holes-in-one, and an eagle.

Spalding introduces the first two-piece ball, the Top-Flite.

Jack Nicklaus completes the first two legs of the modern Grand Slam winning the Masters and the U.S. Open (at Pebble Beach), but like Arnold Palmer in 1960, falters in the British Open by finishing second (to Lee Trevino). Nicklaus was also the holder of the 1971 PGA Championship, and so would have become the first golfer to hold all four titles at the same time, although not the first to win four consecutive professional majors. Trevino's one-shot victory at Muirfield comes after he holes seemingly impossible chip shots from off the green at both the 16th and 18th holes in the third round, and then again at the 17th in the final round - snatching the tournament from under the nose of playing partner and home favourite Tony Jacklin, who is so stunned he proceeds to three-putt the 17th from 15 feet (4.6 m) then bogey the last as well, to miss out on even second place. The young Jacklin would never again challenge seriously in a major championship.

Ben Crenshaw wins the NCAA title for a record 3rd consecutive time. Later in the year, after earning his PGA Tour card, he wins the first event he plays as a PGA Tour member, the San Antonio Texas Open.

Johnny Miller fires a record 63 in the final round to win the U.S. Open at Oakmont.

Tom Weiskopf enjoys his most successful season, with four U.S. tour victories capped by a victory in the British Open.

Tommy Aaron, the player whose mistakenly recorded 4 on Roberto De Vicenzo's card in 1968 was not noticed in time to prevent disaster, wins the U.S. Masters. Britain's young player Peter Oosterhuis leads after 3 rounds but finishes third, the closest any British player had come to victory at Augusta at that time.

The graphite shaft is invented.

Jack Nicklaus wins the PGA Championship and breaks Bobby Jones' record for most major victories with his 14th. Nicklaus wins seven times in total on the U.S. Tour, for the second year in succession, to top the annual U.S. Money List for a sixth time, taking him clear of the record number of five that he had shared with Ben Hogan.

Deane Beman is elected as the second PGA Tour commissioner.

Gary Player, aged 39, enjoys arguably his most successful season, winning both the Masters Championship and the British Open. Meanwhile, on the U.S. tour, Johnny Miller wins eight times, the most by any player in a single season since Arnold Palmer in 1960.

Roberto De Vicenzo scores six birdies, an eagle, and three more birdies for a record 11-under par for ten holes, at Valla Allende GC, Argentina.

Jerry Pate wins the U.S. Amateur at Ridgewood C.C. in New Jersey, beating Curtis Strange in the semi-final. The pair would go on to win 3 U.S. Open titles between them in distinguished careers.

Mike Austin hits a 515-yard (471 m) drive at the 1974 National Seniors Open in Las Vegas, Nev., the longest drive ever recorded in competition.

Jack Nicklaus' Golf My Way is published and rapidly becomes one of the best-selling sports books of all time.

Tom Weiskopf strikes a 420-yard (384 m) drive in the greenside bunker on the 10th hole at Augusta National—the longest drive in Masters history.

Muirfield Village Golf Club opens from a Desmond Muirhead/Jack Nicklaus design.

Lee Elder becomes the first black golfer to play in The Masters. The event is won by Jack Nicklaus, a fifth Masters victory which takes Jack clear of Arnold Palmer's record of four.

Both the U.S. Open and the British Open are characterized by well-known third-round leaders suffering poor final rounds to allow relatively unknown players to pass them and win. At Medinah, Frank Beard gives away a three-shot overnight lead, and Lou Graham emerges victorious at Carnoustie, South Africa's Bobby Cole — winner of the individual and team titles at the previous year's World Cup — is the victim, allowing Tom Watson to slip past for his first major victory.

Lee Trevino, Jerry Heard and Bobby Nichols are struck by lightning during the 1975 Western Open. The incident prompts new safety standards in weather preparedness at PGA Tour events, but one spectator is killed when struck by lightning during the 1991 U.S. Open at Hazeltine National, and one at the PGA Championship at Crooked Stick later that summer.

Nerveless rookie Jerry Pate wins the U.S. Open championship, firing a spectacular approach shot over a lake to within two feet at the final hole, after playing partner John Mahaffey had hit into the water attempting the same feat.

Judy Rankin becomes the first LPGA professional to earn more than $100,000 in a season.

Richard Stanwood sets the record for fewest putts in one round—15—at Riverside GC in Pocatello, Idaho.

The USGA institutes the Overall Distance Standard—golf balls that fly more than 280 yards (256 m) during a standard test are banned.

Al Geiberger shoots 59 at Colonial CC in the second round of the Danny Thomas Memphis Classic, to set a new PGA Tour 18-hole record.

Bing Crosby dies after completing a round of golf in Spain. His Bing Crosby National Pro-Am continues for several years, but after relations sour between the PGA Tour and the Crosby family, AT&T takes over sponsorship of the event.

Police receive a telephoned threat against the life of U.S. Open leader Hubert Green as he prepares to complete his final round. Green is informed of the threat but chooses to complete the tournament, and goes on to win.

The "sudden-death" playoff is used for the first time in a major championship, when Lanny Wadkins defeats Gene Littler for the PGA Championship played at Pebble Beach.

In what has been described as the most exciting tournament in history, Tom Watson defeats Jack Nicklaus by one stroke in the British Open, at Turnberry. They were tied with each other after two rounds, and played together for the final 36 holes, during which they shot 65–65, and 65–66, respectively. Runner-up Nicklaus finished ten shots clear of third place.

Chako Higuchi of Japan wins the LPGA Championship, making her the first Asian-born golfer to win a major championship.

The Legends of Golf is inaugurated at Onion Creek C.C. in Austin, Texas. Its popularity leads to the formation of the Senior PGA Tour two years later.

Gary Player, aged 43, wins the Masters championship for his ninth major title. As if not to be upstaged, later in the year Jack Nicklaus wins a third British Open title, taking his career total to fifteen.

John Mahaffey wins the PGA Championship in a playoff, after Tom Watson lets slip a five-shot lead during the final day. Watson, an eight-time major champion, would never win a PGA Championship to complete the career Grand Slam.

The ever-growing LPGA Tour finds a new superstar to make headlines that surpass even those from the men's game, as Nancy Lopez, in her rookie season, wins five events in a row among nine victories in all.

The Ryder Cup is reformatted to add European continent players to the British and Irish side, making the event far more competitive. The move is prompted in no small part by the rise of golfers such as Seve Ballesteros. As if to emphasise the need for change, Ballesteros — already known simply as "Sevvy" to an adoring British public — wins the British Open at Lytham St Annes, becoming the first Spanish golfer to win a major, and the first from Continental Europe to win a major since Frenchman Arnaud Massy in 1907.

The United States Golf Association opens the U.S. Amateur and U.S. Women's Amateur to golfers not affiliated with private clubs.

Taylor Made introduces the first metal woods.

The USGA forms the Handicap Research Team which results in the creation of what is now the Slope rating system.

Ed Sneed bogeys each of the last three holes to lose a three-shot lead at the Masters, and drop back into a playoff which is then won by Fuzzy Zoeller.

Tom Watson is the first golfer to earn $500,000 in prize money in a single season.

The Senior PGA Tour is born, with four official events. The U.S. Senior Open is instituted. Roberto De Vicenzo is the first winner.

Jack Nicklaus sets a record of 272 in the U.S. Open at Baltusrol. His mark is equalled in the 1993 U.S. Open by Lee Janzen, also at Baltusrol, and later by Tiger Woods in 2000 at Pebble Beach and Jim Furyk in 2003 at Olympia Fields. Isao Aoki finishes second, the highest finish by a Japanese golfer at a major championship.

The USGA introduces the Symmetry Standard, banning balls such as the Polaris which correct themselves in flight.

Gary Wright completes 18 holes in a record 28 minutes 9 seconds at Twantin Noosa GC, Australia 6,039 yards (5,522 m).

The Tournament Players Club at Sawgrass opens, with its controversial island green 17th hole, and immediately becomes the permanent host of the Tournament Players Championship. The TPC at Sawgrass becomes the prototype for a dozen "stadium" TPC courses around the United States, built specifically to host PGA Tour co-sponsored events and affording better viewing for spectators.

The USGA institutes the U.S. Mid-Amateur for male amateur golfers 25 and older.

Kathy Whitworth becomes the first woman to earn $1 million in career prize money.

Bill Rogers wins the British Open, the Australian Open, and has victories in America and Japan.

Sol Kerzner, the owner of the Sun City resort complex in South Africa, creates golf's first $1m purse event - the Sun City Million Dollar Challenge. The inaugural event (and $500,000) is won by Johnny Miller.

Nathaniel Crosby, son of late film star Bing, wins the U.S. Amateur championship.

Kevin Murray double-eagles the 647 yard (592 m) second hole at the Guam Navy GC, the longest double-eagle ever recorded.

Tom Watson holes one of the most famous shots in U.S. Open history, a delicate chip from the rough beside the 17th green at Pebble Beach that helps him to defeat Jack Nicklaus. A month later, Watson wins his fourth British Open title, in a tournament that will be remembered for the collapse of young American Bobby Clampett. Virtually unknown (certainly to British fans) going into the event, Clampett began 67–66 to open up a 5-shot halfway lead. Still the leader after three rounds, he shot a sorry 77 in the final round to finish well down the field. Watson narrowly misses out on a fifth U.S. Money List crown in six years, as that honour goes to the fiery Craig Stadler, who wins the U.S. Masters in his finest season.

The PGA Tour introduces the 'all-exempt' Tour, with the top 125 players from the 1982 money list exempt from weekly qualifying for tournaments, as opposed to the top 60 as before. A record 34 different players win tournaments, and no-one is able to win more than twice. One who does win twice is 25-year-old Hal Sutton, 1982's rookie of the year, who becomes Player of the Year with victories in the Tournament Players Championship and PGA Championship. Isao Aoki becomes the first Japanese golfer to win on the U.S. Tour, with victory in the Hawaiian Open. Aoki holes a 128-yard (117 m) wedge shot on the final hole for an eagle that allows him to defeat Jack Renner by one stroke.

Seve Ballesteros wins his second U.S. Masters, and is inspirational as a youthful European side come agonizingly close to defeating the United States in the Ryder Cup.

Tom Watson wins a fifth British Open title - but his first in England not Scotland, after a scrambling final day that with nine holes to play saw seven players - Watson, Lee Trevino, Graham Marsh, Andy Bean, Hale Irwin, Raymond Floyd and home favourite Nick Faldo - all within a shot of the lead. Watson almost retains his U.S. Open crown as well, but loses by a shot to Larry Nelson, who holes a 60-foot (18 m) downhill putt on Oakmont's 16th green on his way to victory.

Desert Highlands opens in Phoenix from a design by Jack Nicklaus utilizing only 80 acres (320,000 m 2 ) irrigated for 18 holes, instead of the typical 100–150 for a major course. The success of Nicklaus' concept of "target golf" ushers in the era of environmentally sensitive desert design.

Ben Crenshaw, after five second-place finishes in Major championships, finally wins one, as he beats his long-time friend Tom Kite to take his first U.S. Masters title.

Seve Ballesteros defeats Tom Watson in one of the most dramatic finishes ever at the British Open at St Andrews. As Ballesteros birdied the final hole to a huge roar from his adopted "home" fans, Watson pushed his approach at the famous 17th "Road Hole" through the green and against a wall, dropping a crucial shot.

At the age of 44, Lee Trevino wins a sixth major championship, the PGA Championship. It is ten years since his last one. 48-year-old Gary Player is runner-up.

Nancy Lopez sets the LPGA 72-hole record with 268 in the Henredon Classic.

Bernhard Langer becomes the first German golfer to win a Major Championship, when he wins the U.S. Masters. Later in the summer, Sandy Lyle becomes the first British player to win the Open Championship for 16 years, despite a nervy finish at Sandwich. These successes are topped off in the Autumn when Europe regains the Ryder Cup for the first time since 1957, beating the United States at The Belfry in England.

In one of the most unlikely U.S. Open championships in history, a Taiwanese, a South African and a Canadian are all narrowly beaten by an American — one who hadn't won a tournament for seven years. Former champion Andy North held off Chen Tze-chung, Denis Watson and Dave Barr for his second major victory. Later in the year, Hubert Green, like North without a victory for several years, also won his second major title, at the PGA Championship.

Calvin Peete wins the Tournament Players Championship with a course record 72-hole score of 274. Although not a major championship, this is the most significant tour victory to this date by a black golfer.

The $1m Alfred Dunhill Cup at St Andrews is inaugurated, a three-man matchplay competition that aims to replace the World Cup of Golf — a largely ignored event for several years now - as the premier international team event. Australia win the opening version, their team of Greg Norman, Graham Marsh and David Graham defeating a United States side of Mark O'Meara, Raymond Floyd and Curtis Strange 3–0 in the final.

The USGA introduces the Slope System to allow golfers to adjust their handicaps to allow for the relative difficulty of a golf course compared to players of their own ability.

Jack Nicklaus, at the age of 46, shoots a final-round 65 at The Masters to win his 18th professional major championship, and 20th in all. His final-day charge takes him past virtually all of the leading players of the generation below him, including Greg Norman, Seve Ballesteros, Tom Watson and Tom Kite. In June, Raymond Floyd also rolls back the years to win the U.S. Open, aged 44.

The Sony Rankings system, now the Official World Golf Rankings, is introduced, the first formally recognised ranking system for men's golf. The first-ever number one, in April 1986, is 1985 Masters Champion Bernhard Langer.

Bob Tway sinks a bunker shot at the final hole to beat Greg Norman in the PGA Championship. Norman had held the lead on Sunday morning in each of the four major championships of 1986, but was able to win only the British Open. Tway's stroke began a celebrated series of miracle shots holed by various golfers to defeat Norman in major events.

The Pete Dye-designed PGA West opens amid great controversy concerning the difficulty of the course.

The Panasonic Las Vegas Invitational offers the first $1 million purse on the PGA Tour. The $207,000 first prize is won by Greg Norman, who finishes the year top of both the U.S. Money List and the World Rankings.

The PGA Tour Team Charity Competition debuts. By 1987, Tour-related contributions to charity exceed $100,000,000, and by 1992 they reach a total of $200,000,000.

The Links at Spanish Bay opens, the first true links course in the Western United States. It is a co-design by Robert Trent Jones, Jr., Tom Watson, and former USGA President Frank "Sandy" Tatum.

Judy Bell becomes the first woman elected to the USGA Executive Committee.

Larry Mize holed a 40-yard (37 m) pitch shot to defeat Greg Norman in a play-off for the U.S. Masters. The previous year, Norman had beaten Mize in a playoff for the Kemper Open after Mize hit a short pitch shot across a green and into a lake. Norman, a 10-time winner around the globe in 1986, would not win again on the U.S. Tour for over twelve months.

At the British Open, Nick Faldo plays a flawless last round of 18 consecutive pars to win his first major championship. The victory rewarded Faldo's efforts to completely re-model his swing, that had seen him virtually leave the Tour for two years.

Larry Nelson wins his third major championship in six years, defeating Lanny Wadkins in a playoff for the PGA Championship. The victory means that three of Nelson's nine career U.S.Tour wins to date have come in majors.

Europe win the Ryder Cup on American soil for the first time, and rub salt into the wounds by defeating an American team captained by Jack Nicklaus, at the Muirfield Village course which Nicklaus designed. The result provides final confirmation of the recent swing in global dominance away from the American players at the end of 1987, only one of the world's top six (Curtis Strange, in 5th) is American, while four (Seve Ballesteros, Bernhard Langer, Sandy Lyle and Ian Woosnam) are European, while the world number one remains Greg Norman.

The Nabisco Championships (later The Tour Championship) debuts as a season-ending event for the top 30 money winners. The first winner is Tom Watson, breaking a three-year victory drought. Earlier in the year, Watson narrowly missed victory at the U.S. Open, finishing second to unheralded Scott Simpson.

Walter Dietz, a blind golfer, aces the 155 yard (142 m) seventh hole at Manakiki G.C., California.

Links magazine is founded as Southern Links, with Mark Brown as editor-in-chief.

Lori Garbacz orders a pizza between holes at the U.S. Women's Open to protest slow play.

Square-grooved clubs such as the PING Eye2 irons are banned by the USGA, which claims that tests show the clubs give an unfair competitive advantage to PING customers. The PGA Tour also bans the clubs in 1989. Karsten Manufacturing, maker of the clubs, fights a costly two-year battle with both the USGA and the PGA Tour to have the ban rescinded after winning a temporary injunction. Eventually both organizations drop the ban, while Karsten acknowledges the right of the organizations to regulate equipment and pledges to make modifications to future designs.

Sandy Lyle becomes the first British player to win the U.S. Masters. Lyle sweeps his approach shot to the last green out of a fairway bunker to within 15 feet (4.6 m), and sinks the resulting birdie putt for a one-shot victory over Mark Calcavecchia.

Seve Ballesteros wins his third British Open championship in the first-ever Monday finish to the 72 holes, after the whole of Saturday's scheduled third round at Royal Lytham was lost to torrential rain. The victory, one of several around the globe for Ballesteros in 1988, helps him to finish the year on top of the Sony World Rankings.

Curtis Strange wins the season-ending Nabisco Championships at Pebble Beach, and his $360,000 paycheck lifts his official 1988 Tour earnings to $1,147,644, and thus he becomes the first player to win over $1,000,000 in a single season. Earlier in the year Strange defeated Nick Faldo in a play-off for his first major title, the U.S. Open.

Four golfers, Doug Weaver, Mark Wiebe, Jerry Pate and Nick Price, hit aces on the par-three sixth hole on the same day in the U.S. Open at Oak Hill. Curtis Strange retains his U.S. Open crown (the first player to do so since 1951) after Tom Kite hits a final day 78 to let slip a third round lead.

Nick Faldo sinks a 100-foot (30 m) birdie putt on the second hole at Augusta National in The Masters, the longest putt holed to date in a major tournament. Faldo goes on to win The Masters, abetted by Scott Hoch missing a short putt to win the event — a downhill effort of little more than 2 feet (0.61 m) on the first playoff hole.

Mark Calcavecchia wins the British Open in a novel 4-hole playoff format, against Australians Wayne Grady and Greg Norman. Calcavecchia hits a five-iron out of the rough at the final hole to within six feet for the winning birdie.

Payne Stewart, noted for his flamboyant dress (plus-fours and a sponsorship deal that sees him wear the often garish colours of the nearest NFL team) wins the PGA Championship, after a late collapse by Mike Reid.

Hall Thompson of Shoal Creek GC, on the eve of the PGA Championship at Shoal Creek, defends his club's policy of not admitting black members. Amidst a public outcry, Shoal Creek 1990 is forced to change its policy and the PGA Tour and the USGA insist that in future all clubs submit to a standard set of guidelines on membership policies. Cypress Point Club and Aronimink, among others, decide they are unable to comply and withdraw from the professional tournament arena.

Bill Blue resigns after a short reign as LPGA Commissioner. Charles Mecham is selected as his successor.

Construction begins on Shadow Creek Golf Club, the most expensive golf course ever built, with cost estimates ranging from $35 to $60 million as Tom Fazio creates an oasis in the Las Vegas desert. The club in 1994 vaults into eighth place on the Golf Digest top-100 course rankings, sparking controversy.

The R & A, after 38 years, adopts the 1.68-inch (43 mm) diameter ball, and for the first time since 1910 The Rules of Golf are standardized throughout the world.

The initial Solheim Cup is played at Lake Nona G.C., Orlando, commencing a biennial USA vs. Europe competition for women, a recognition of the growing strength of women's golf on both sides of the Atlantic.

The Ben Hogan Tour is launched as a minor league for the PGA Tour, following the increased success of mini-tours such as the U.S. Golf Tour in 1989.

Nick Faldo retains his U.S. Masters title, once again in a play-off (this time against Raymond Floyd). Later in the year, he adds the British Open, in a tournament that is effectively decided in the third round, where Faldo shoots a 67 while co-leader Greg Norman struggles to a 76. At the U.S. Open, however, Faldo narrowly misses out, as 45-year-old veteran Hale Irwin holes an unlikely 40-foot (12 m) putt at the last to edge him out by a shot. Irwin wins his third U.S. Open (eleven years after his second) following a playoff against Mike Donald.

Australian Wayne Grady, who lost a playoff at the British Open in 1989, bounces back to win the PGA Championship. Fred Couples, chasing too hard, misses several short putts on the back nine when apparently poised to snatch victory.

The Ocean Course at Kiawah Island, S.C., the first course to be awarded the Ryder Cup Matches before the course has been completed, is the scene of the United States' first victory in the event since 1983. The competition comes down to a twisting putt of seven feet (2 m) on the 18th hole missed by Bernhard Langer in the final match (against Hale Irwin).

Unknown John Daly wins the PGA Championship at Crooked Stick when, as ninth alternate, a slot in the tournament opens up for him on the night before the Championship begins. Daly wins an army of fans overnight with his prodigious hitting from the tees and an apparently fearless approach to putting. The golfer who withdrew and gave Daly his place, Nick Price, wins the PGA Championship in 1992 at Bellerive.

Phil Mickelson, an amateur, wins the PGA Tour's Northern Telecom Open.

Diminutive Welshman Ian Woosnam holds off the challenges of Tom Watson and José María Olazábal to win The Masters. The win is the most important in an increasing list of tournaments that Woosnam has won around the world since 1987, and helps him to overtake Nick Faldo at the top of the World Rankings.

Australian Ian Baker-Finch, who was best remembered by British fans for being the 23-year-old player who had led the 1984 Open Championship after three rounds before hitting a 79 on the final day, again leads after three rounds but this time wins the British Open in comfortable style with a superb 66, against playing partner Mark O'Meara's 69.

Oversized metal woods are introduced, with Callaway Golf's Big Bertha quickly establishing itself as the dominant brand, the Big Bertha driver becomes one of the biggest-selling clubs of all time.

Harvey Penick's Little Red Book becomes the all-time best selling golf book.

All three American major championships are won by players who had enjoyed successful U.S. Tour careers but had, until 1992, only been able to finish runner-up at best in the majors. First, at the Masters, Fred Couples wins after final-round battle with Raymond Floyd. Then, Tom Kite (U.S. Tour leading money-winner as long ago as 1981) emerges victorious at the U.S. Open after a windswept final round at Pebble Beach that sees many of the third-round leaders shoot high scores. And finally, Nick Price - twice a runner-up at the British Open Championship - wins the PGA Championship, the start of a period of good form that would take him to the world number one position by the end of 1994. The year's other major, the British Open, is won by Nick Faldo - his fifth major title in five years. Faldo rises to the World number one position in 1992.

Simon Clough and Boris Janic complete 18-hole rounds in five countries in one day, walking each course. They played rounds in France, Luxembourg, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Germany, and completed their journey in 16 hours, 35 minutes.

Brittany Andres, age 6 years 19 days, scores an ace at the 85 yard (78 m) second hole at the Jimmy Clay G.C. in Austin, Texas.

An ownership group led by Joe Gibbs and Arnold Palmer announce plans for The Golf Channel, a 24-hour, 365-day cable service.

Bernhard Langer wins his second U.S. Masters title, but the event is remembered for the criticism aimed by some commentators at Chip Beck for laying up short of the water at the 15th hole, apparently defending his second place rather than risking all to challenge Langer's 3-shot lead.

Greg Norman also wins a second major title, the British Open. Playing scintillating golf, Norman's total of 267 is the lowest ever recorded in a major championship. However, the following month, Norman misses out on the PGA Championship, beaten in a sudden-death playoff by Paul Azinger. The defeat means Norman has lost playoffs in each of the four majors, a dubious honour he shares with Craig Wood, who lost playoffs in three of them and also the 1934 PGA Championship (in match play) final in extra holes.

    1. April - Masters Tournament - Bernhard Langer
    2. June - U.S. Open - Lee Janzen
    3. July - The Open Championship - Greg Norman
    4. August - PGA Championship - Paul Azinger
    leading money winner for the year: Nick Price - $1,478,557 leading money winner: Dave Stockton - $1,175,944 : United States team won 15–13 over the Europe team in world golf.

Nick Price enjoys a phenomenal year, leading the U.S. Money List for the second successive season and winning both the British Open and PGA Championships. His win at the British Open comes courtesy of a 5-foot (1.5 m) eagle putt at the 17th in the final round.

Greg Norman, shoots a course-record 264 to win the Tournament Players Championship around the famed Pete Dye designed Sawgrass course.

Ernie Els wins a three-way playoff to become the second South African winner of the U.S. Open, against Colin Montgomerie and Loren Roberts. José María Olazábal becomes the second Spaniard to win the U.S. Masters, defeating third-round leader Tom Lehman by two shots.

Tiger Woods becomes the youngest man ever to win the U.S. Amateur, at age 18. Several players had previously won aged 19, including Jack Nicklaus in 1959.

    1. April - Masters Tournament - José María Olazábal
    2. June - U.S. Open - Ernie Els
    3. July - The Open Championship - Nick Price
    4. August - PGA Championship - Nick Price
    leading money winner for the year: Nick Price - $1,499,927 leading money winner: Dave Stockton - $1,402,519

Days after the death of his long-time friend and mentor Harvey Penick, Ben Crenshaw wins a second U.S. Masters championship with an emotional victory over Davis Love III and Greg Norman.

Norman also narrowly misses out at the U.S. Open, finishing second for the 7th time in a major, behind Corey Pavin.

John Daly proves that his 1991 PGA Championship was not a fluke, as he wins the Open Championship at St Andrews after a playoff with Italian Costantino Rocca. Rocca holes a long putt at the last to force the playoff as Daly, in the clubhouse, watches on, but Daly dominates the 4-hole playoff.

Steve Elkington wins a sudden-death playoff to collect his first major at the PGA Championship. Colin Montgomerie loses, the second year in succession he had lost a playoff in a major (a record he shares with Ben Hogan, Arnold Palmer and Tom Watson).

    1. April - Masters Tournament - Ben Crenshaw
    2. June - U.S. Open - Corey Pavin
    3. July - The Open Championship - John Daly
    4. August - PGA Championship - Steve Elkington
    leading money winner for the year: Greg Norman - $1,654,959 leading money winner: Jim Colbert - $1,444,386 : Europe won 14½ to 13½ over the United States in world team golf.

In one of the most astonishing final rounds in the tournament's history, Greg Norman loses a 5-shot third round lead to lose by 6, as Nick Faldo's superb 67 contrasts with Norman's dreadful 78.

After a career seemingly curtailed several years previously by a motorcycle accident, Steve Jones wins the U.S. Open. Both Davis Love III and Tom Lehman finish just short of Jones. Lehman (as at the 1994 Masters and 1995 U.S. Open) leads on Saturday night but cannot hold on. At the British Open, Lehman again leads after three rounds, but this time is able to finish the job, winning his first major title. The PGA Championship also goes to a first-time major winner as Mark Brooks beats Kenny Perry in a sudden-death playoff after a two-shot swing (Perry bogeyed and Brooks birdied) at the 72nd hole.

Tiger Woods became the first golfer to win three consecutive U.S. Amateur titles. This was the sixth consecutive year in which he won a USGA championship, one short of Bobby Jones' record of seven. In September, he turned professional. He receives a number of sponsors' invitations to PGA Tour events, but is still expected by most to have to return to the qualifying school to earn a full players' card for 1997. However, in the last five regular tournaments of the year on the PGA Tour, his finishes were 5–3–1–3–1, placing him among the tour's top 30 money-winners for the year and thereby qualifying him for the season-ending The Tour Championship. Woods was named the PGA Tour's Rookie of the Year.

Although unable to win a major championship, Colin Montgomerie tops both the World Money List and the World ranking points list for 1996. Greg Norman however narrowly remains the official world number one as the system takes into account points earned over a 24-month period.

    1. April - Masters Tournament - Nick Faldo
    2. June - U.S. Open - Steve Jones
    3. July - The Open Championship - Tom Lehman
    4. August - PGA Championship - Mark Brooks
    leading money winner for the year: Tom Lehman - $1,780,159 leading money winner: Jim Colbert - $1,627,890
    - Annika Sörenstam - Laura Davies is the leading money winner on the LPGA tour with earnings of $1,002,000 becoming the first ever woman to earn more than a million dollars in one golf season.

In his first major championship as a professional, Tiger Woods becomes the youngest-ever Masters Champion at 21 years 3 months, while setting a 72-hole scoring record of 270 (18 under par), and winning by a record margin (12 shots). He also becomes the first golfer of either Asian or African descent to win a men's major title. Woods wins three other tournaments in 1997 to top the U.S. Money list in what is effectively his rookie season. Even though Woods becomes the first player to earn more than $2m in a season, however, his earnings are surpassed by the leading player on the Senior PGA Tour, Hale Irwin, who wins 9 times.

Ernie Els wins a second U.S. Open, once again defeating Colin Montgomerie in a close finish. Tom Lehman, once again, led after three rounds, but again was unable to win the title.

25-year-old Justin Leonard made up a 5-shot final-round deficit with a 65 to win his first major championship, the British Open, by two shots from Jesper Parnevik and Darren Clarke. A month later, Leonard finished runner-up to Davis Love III at the PGA Championship.

    1. April - Masters Tournament - Tiger Woods
    2. June - U.S. Open - Ernie Els
    3. July - The Open Championship - Justin Leonard
    4. August - PGA Championship - Davis Love III
    leading money winner for the year: Tiger Woods - $2,066,833 leading money winner: Hale Irwin - $2,343,364 : Europe won 14½–13½ over the United States in world team golf.

At the age of 41, Mark O'Meara wins his first major championship, the Masters, becoming one of the few champions in history to birdie the last hole to win. Runner-up is 26-year-old David Duval who would win four times on the regular tour to lead the money list, as Tiger Woods - after his meteoric first season - wins just once. In July, O'Meara wins a second major title - this time the British Open, after a playoff with Brian Watts, an American golfer whose career had mostly been played on the Japan Golf Tour. Watts is forced to play a bunker shot at the 72nd hole with only one foot in the sand, needing a par to force the playoff, and very nearly holes the shot. The British Open is also notable for the remarkable tournament enjoyed by 18-year-old amateur Justin Rose, who finishes fourth after being in touch with the lead throughout the final round.

Lee Janzen wins a second U.S. Open title, and as in 1993, Payne Stewart finishes runner-up. Stewart's 20-foot (6.1 m) putt to tie at the last rolls across the lip but does not drop.

Fijian Vijay Singh, a regular winner on both the European and U.S. Tours since the early 1990s, wins the PGA Championship. With a round to play, both player of the season Mark O'Meara and 1997's sensation Tiger Woods are within five shots of the lead, but Singh holds on for victory. Singh, an Indian Fijian, becomes the second golfer of Asian descent to win a men's major.

Se Ri Pak becomes the first South Korean on the LPGA Tour and makes an immediate impact, winning two majors (the LPGA Championship and U.S. Women's Open) and two other events. She proved to be only the first of a wave of Korean players on the tour a decade after her arrival in the U.S., she was joined on the LPGA Tour by 44 other Koreans, and the tour's single biggest source of revenue was the sale of TV broadcast rights in South Korea. The season's first major was also won by a golfer of Asian descent the Nabisco Dinah Shore was won by Pat Hurst, an American with a white father and Japanese mother.

    1. April - Masters Tournament - Mark O'Meara
    2. June - U.S. Open - Lee Janzen
    3. July - The Open Championship - Mark O'Meara
    4. August - PGA Championship - Vijay Singh
    leading money winner for the year: David Duval - $2,591,031 leading money winner: Hale Irwin - $2,861,945

After several years suffering from a recurring foot injury that at times left him unable to walk, José María Olazábal wins a second U.S. Masters crown. Greg Norman is yet again left trailing in the victor's wake, finishing third.

Payne Stewart wins his second U.S. Open, and third major title in all, by a shot from Phil Mickelson. In October, Stewart would be among the victims of an air accident, caused by a sudden loss of cabin pressure in their Learjet.

In one of the most extraordinary and ultimately farcical major championships in history, unknown local player Paul Lawrie wins the British Open championship at Carnoustie, after similarly unknown French player Jean van de Velde contrives to take a seven at the par-four final hole, when six would have won the title. The error is caused initially by a wildly pushed second shot that ricochets off the grandstand and into thick rough, from where Van de Velde chops his third shot into a burn in front of the green. Van de Velde drops back into a playoff with Lawrie and Justin Leonard, who had also previously found the burn at the 72nd hole in an attempt to put pressure on Van de Velde.

23-year-old Tiger Woods wins his second major title, the PGA Championship, by a shot from 19-year-old Spaniard Sergio García. Despite losing, García hits the most memorable shot of the tournament, a brilliant deliberate slice from the roots of a tree that finds the green in the final round.

David Duval wins four events on the U.S. Tour before the Masters, including the Tournament Players' Championship, and briefly becomes number one in the World rankings. He finishes the year second on the ranking list behind Woods.

The United States regain the Ryder Cup in a controversial end to the singles matches at Brookline. As Justin Leonard holes a lengthy putt in his crucial match with José María Olazábal, several U.S. players and their wives dash across the green to congratulate him, some of them across Olazábal's line, neglecting to respect the fact that the Spaniard still had a putt to win. Olazábal misses his putt, but the Europeans were aggrieved at what they perceived as a lack of sporting behavior.

The World Golf Championships, which bring together the leading players in the World Rankings for four events each season (one at match play, two at stroke play, and one - the revamped World Cup - a two-man team event), are inaugurated. The first event, the 64-man WGC-Andersen Consulting Match Play Championship, provides a surprise champion in Jeff Maggert Tiger Woods wins the following two.

Masters 2021: 50 defining moments in Masters history, ranked

The absence of a Masters last April left the type of void no silly Internet ranking could properly fill. But we did our best a year ago when we undertook the challenge of identifying the 50 most defining moments in Masters history—a highly subjective exercise that elicited some fun debate as we explored the tournament’s first 86 years. Our criteria wasn’t the best shots or the events of most historical significance—although our ranking featured plenty of both. More precisely, we wanted to pinpoint those moments that resonated deepest—the above-the-fold, film-at-11, trending-on-Twitter episodes that are as reliable at Augusta National as the mowing patterns. Understanding much of this is in the eye of the beholder, we still arrived at a healthy mix of inspiring, heartbreaking and altogether odd—all of them reminders of what we were missing.

Thankfully, they did eventually play the Masters in 2020, and that brought with it its own unique moments, too. And so we now present our list once more, updated for April 2021, to get us all into the proper Masters frame of mind ahead of next week’s tournament.

No. 50: A broadcast (finally) showing all 18 holes (2002)

The Masters has long embraced creating value through scarcity, and for many years that included limiting how much of Augusta National viewers at home were able to see. When Tiger Woods outlasted Retief Goosen to win his third green jacket in 2002, the other big winner was a television audience allowed to see all 18 holes of the final round for the first time. “We knew that there was a great demand for it,” Masters chairman William (Hootie) Johnson said of the relaxed policy, “and we just decided that we ought to satisfy that demand.”

No. 49: First-tee ceremony without Arnold Palmer (2017)

The presence of honorary starters, a tradition dating back to 1963, helps provide the Masters a breath of timelessness, linking today’s participants to legends of old. But it was the absence of one of Augusta National’s favorites that made for the most sentimental moment in the ceremony’s history. Arnold Palmer’s green jacket lay neatly on a chair beside the first tee as the gallery stood for a moment of silence for the four-time Masters champ who had passed the previous September. Jack Nicklaus and Gary Player, after wiping away tears, hit their shots. Palmer, the man, was missing, but his spirit remained.

No. 48: The Masters’ first sudden-death playoff (1979)

The first sudden-death playoff in Masters history saw a pair of green coats using the flagstick and an envelope to see who was away on the 10th green (the first extra hole) a trio of makable putts missed on said green and a first-time Masters participant named Fuzzy Zoeller knocking in a seven-footer on the second extra hole to down Tom Watson and Ed Sneed. When the putt went down, Zoeller tossed his putter skyward and celebrated, by leaping into the air, albeit only slightly higher than Phil Mickelson in 2004.

No. 47: Jack Nicklaus sets scoring record, immortalized by his golf idol (1965)

“He plays a game with which I am not familiar,” Bobby Jones said after watching Jack Nicklaus win the 1965 Masters in stunning fashion. Given the stature of the man who said it, the quote has become more famous than the feat it was describing. Yet here’s why the Augusta National co-founder heaped such praise: En route to his second of six Masters titles, Nicklaus, at 25, won by nine strokes, and with a 17-under 271 he broke the then 12-year-old tournament scoring record by three. Game recognize game.

No. 46: Ben Crenshaw begs for a 60-footer to drop … and it does (1984)

In search of his first Masters title, Ben Crenshaw birdied Nos. 8 and 9 and followed with a monstrous, sweeping right-to-left 60-foot putt for birdie on No. 10, putting him two in front. “My caddie tending the flagstick looked as if he were in a different part of Georgia,” Crenshaw said. “It was lookin’ good and I was beggin’ fall in, fall in and it did!” Crenshaw went on to produce one of the most popular wins in tournament history.

Leonard Kamsler/Popperfoto via Getty Images (3)

No. 45: Tiger Woods daggers Chris DiMarco. Again (2005)

Everyone remembers Tiger’s “In your life!” chip-in on No. 16 that day, but often forgotten is the fact Woods bogeyed the final two holes to fall into a tie that forced a playoff with Chris DiMarco. But Woods wasn’t about to let a fourth green jacket slip through his fingers, and his late stumble simply led to another clutch highlight. After two perfect shots to start the first extra hole, he drained a 15-footer for birdie on No. 18 to claim major No. 9.

No. 44: An interview so painfully bad it was good (1980)

For golf fans of a certain age, televised interviews with Masters winners by Augusta National chairmen were once considered high comedy. A stiff, awkward air pervaded Butler Cabin when Clifford Roberts did the honors, and in 1980, Hord Hardin reached a nadir when he asked Seve Ballesteros how tall he was and how much he weighed. “The scene was out of a Monty Python movie,” Golf Digest’s Jerry Tarde wrote, “but only years later did I realize the full extent of Hardin's panic.” Hord’s explanation: “I knew Seve was a handsome fellow. I was building up to ask him about girls. But I realized maybe he’d say, ‘I don’t like girls. I like guys.’ So I sort of froze up.” To Hord’s credit: “I always realized how terrible I was at those things.” Today, the job is left in the capable hands of Jim Nantz.

No. 43: How to make a 13 on a par 3 (1980)

“You know, I had never hit a ball into Rae’s Creek until that time,” Tom Weiskopf told Golf Digest’s Guy Yocom 20 years after hitting five balls into the water at the par-3 12th hole. “I had hit a ball into Rae’s Creek from behind the green on my second shot [laughs], but never the tee. … Boy was I mad. Finally I hit my sixth shot on the green and two-putted. A 13. Later I found out that Jeanne [his wife at the time] was standing there watching in tears, and a good friend of mine tried to lighten the situation. He leaned over to her and whispered, “Tom’s not using new balls, is he?”

No. 42: Rory McIlroy gets lost in the woods (2011)

Perhaps cruelly, the one title separating Rory McIlroy from the career Grand Slam is the major he was poised to win first. In 2011, McIlroy had the solo lead the first three days, and even into the back nine on Sunday. Then, disaster: A snap-hooked drive into the cabins on 10, a triple bogey, and a closing 80. Charl Schwartzel won his only major with four straight birdies to close, and McIlroy’s complicated relationship with the Masters had been forged.

No. 41: An amateur almost wins (1956)

Ken Venturi held a four-stroke lead when he teed off with Sam Snead in the final round (instead of with his mentor, Byron Nelson, who at the time traditionally played with the 54-hole leader), but Jackie Burke holed a 40-footer on 17 and shot 71 to Venturi’s 80 to win by a stroke on a day when the field scoring average was 78.26. “Bobby Jones told me in 1958 that, had I won the 1956 Masters and remained an amateur, he would have asked me to be president of Augusta National,” Venturi told Golf Digest’s Guy Yocom in 2004. “Mr. Jones cherished the fact he was a lifelong amateur, and he really wanted to see an amateur win the tournament and succeed him. That was some high honor. If I’d won in 1956, I for sure never would have turned professional.”

No. 40: An improbable make from Nick Faldo (1989)

History will say Nick Faldo’s first Masters title was a direct byproduct of opponent Scott Hoch’s charity—specifically a missed two-foot putt that would have claimed him the green jacket (more on that to come). Often overlooked is that Faldo shot 65 that Sunday to get into the playoff in the first place. Or that after bogeying the 11th hole each of the first four rounds, he curled in a 30-footer for birdie there on the second playoff hole, capping a remarkable comeback and claiming his second of six career major titles.

No. 39: A dinner unlike any other (1952)

There are clubs to belong to, and then there are clubs for the elite of the elite. After winning the 1951 Masters, Ben Hogan proposed a dinner for the Tuesday of the next Masters week. Requirement for attendance: A green jacket for having won the Masters (though Hogan then extended invitations to Augusta National co-founders Bobby Jones and Clifford Roberts). In 1952, that trio was joined for dinner by Horton Smith, Gene Sarazen, Byron Nelson, Henry Picard, Jimmy Demaret, Craig Wood, Claude Harmon and Sam Snead. (Past champions Ralph Guldahl and Herman Keiser didn’t compete that year.) For years, Snead’s risqué jokes were as much a staple of the dinner as a medium-rare steak. Today, the tab for dinner far exceeds what Hogan earned for winning that 1951 Masters: $3,000.

No. 38: The slide tackle that made the world wince (2019)

After battling through four back surgeries, Tiger Woods was nearly taken out of the tournament in the second round by the most unlikely of things: A security guard, who slipped while trying to keep the crowd at bay on the 14th hole following a fantastic recovery shot. While Woods limped on his way to the green, he would go on to convert the putt for one of the most dramatic birdies of his life. It was also a sign that this was shaping up to be a very special week for him.

No. 37: Hootie Johnson’s ‘pointed’ response to Martha Burk (2003)

If there’s something that’s held true throughout Augusta National’s history, it’s that no one dictates to its members how to run their club or their tournament. As Martha Burk protested ANGC’s all-male membership, calling for a large-scale boycott of the Masters, her vitriol was met swiftly. “There may well come a day when women will be invited to join our membership,” said then chairman Hootie Johnson, “but that timetable will be ours and not at the point of a bayonet.” End of discussion. In 2012, when the club did admit its first female members, it was Johnson who nominated one of them, Darla Moore. The club now has six female members.

No. 36: The Hawk soars one last time (1967)

Augusta National has often afforded past champions a final hurrah. One of the best of the lot was a 54-year-old Ben Hogan. Although betrayed by a beyond-aching body and a yippy putting stroke, Hogan, as Curt Sampson wrote in a recap of that Saturday for Golf Digest, “made the turn, and then the angels sang.” The Hawk zipped iron shots to seven feet, one foot and 12 feet on Nos. 10-12 and made them all. He hit the par-5 13th and 15th in two and made birdies. At 18, he somehow managed to make a 25-footer from above the hole for another birdie, giving him a 30 for the nine and a 66 for the day, leaving him just two shots behind the leaders. Sunday wasn’t as kind. A 77 dropped him to T-10. Although no one knew it at the time, it was Hogan’s final Masters.

No. 35: Adam Scott does Australia proud (2013)

Adam Scott got hot from long range with his long putter at just the right time, making a 20-footer on No. 18 for birdie in regulation and adding another birdie from 15 feet on No. 10 in the second hole of a sudden-death playoff with Angel Cabrera. Both produced uncharacteristically demonstrative reactions from Scott, but for obvious reasons. The win was the Aussie’s long-awaited first major title and an even longer-awaited green jacket for his continent. It also marked the first—and last, unless the rules change again—Masters win by someone using an anchored putting stroke.

No. 34: A unique spoil of victory (1949)

Sam Snead won his first of three Masters in 1949, but that year’s tournament is perhaps better known for being the first time the club awarded its green jacket to the winner. Since then the single-breasted, three-button jacket has become one of the most iconic “trophies” in all of sports. In a 2009 Masters Journal article, Snead’s son, Jack, says the jacket was stolen at one point and Snead would wear Bobby Jones’ jacket when he went to Augusta. The club made a new one for Snead, and today it resides at The Greenbrier, where Snead was a longtime pro. As for those who won before 1949, the club gave all prior champions a green jacket in 1949 as well.

No. 33: The first international champ and his lucky break (1961)

Arnold Palmer looked like he would do it. Standing in the 18th fairway, 7-iron in hand and with a one-shot lead over Gary Player, Palmer was poised to become the first defending champion to win the Masters. But Palmer, who rallied from seven back at one point on a final round delayed to Monday, pushed his approach into the right-hand bunker. With a semi-buried lie, he bladed it across and over the green and made double, missing a 15-footer to tie, making the South African the tournament’s first international champion. Palmer admitted to rushing his play on 18, telling the Augusta Chronicle, “[The 15-foot putt] was the only shot I took any time with on the 18th hole, and by then it was too late.”

No. 32: Changing of the guard: Watson over Nicklaus (1977)

Yes, Tom Watson had already won a major championship, in 1975 at Carnoustie. But for years he’d heard whispers about failing to close on Sundays, and in the 1977 Masters, he had a major headache playing up ahead: Jack Nicklaus. And Jack wasn’t going quietly, making seven birdies on Sunday to tie Watson for the lead. But Watson birdied the 17th from 20 feet to take the lead, and Nicklaus, needing to match it at 18, bogeyed the hole, giving Watson a two-stroke win. Watson would take down Nicklaus again at the British Open a few months later with a 65-65 finish in the Duel in the Sun at Turnberry, and he left Jack as runner-up in the 1981 Masters and the 1982 U.S. Open. As Dan Jenkins put it in ’77: This was “the new Tom Watson.”

No. 31: An announcer crosses an invisible line (1994)

Among the main reasons Augusta National awards Masters broadcast rights to CBS in one-year increments is because the club enjoys the persistent leverage over the network. The most famous example came in 1994, when the colorful Gary McCord separately described the course using “bikini wax” to keep the putting surfaces slick and that there were “body bags” buried elsewhere. McCord was notified months later by his employer that he would no longer be broadcasting the season’s first major. It was at least the second time the club resorted to such measures—Jack Whitaker was penalized in similar fashion for referring to the crowd as a “mob” in 1966—but the mere specter of it happening again has been enough to keep subsequent announcers on their toes.

No. 30: The day Couples took it to the bank (1992)

Maybe it was the thunderstorm that interrupted the third round on Saturday. Maybe that left the steep, shaved bank that fronts the 155-yard 12th hole softer than intended, or kept a mower from taking another swipe before the final round. Regardless, leader Fred Couples got one of the biggest breaks in the game’s history when his 8-iron approach landed into the bank and, instead of rolling back into the water, stopped inches from disaster, allowing a relatively routine up-and-down for par on the way to his only major victory. You could say Couples was lucky. But maybe he was a bit unlucky when his tee shot at the par-3 sixth on Friday hit the hole on the fly and popped out instead of staying put for a hole-in-one. And maybe he was unlucky when his approach to the par-4 seventh did the same thing on Saturday. So maybe Couples deserved what he got at the 12th on Sunday. “You don’t ever get a break like that,” he said. But he did.

No. 29: Jack Nicklaus, age 58, makes one more charge (1998)

“Welcome to the final round of the Masters, and you are not going to believe what you are about to see,” said Jim Nantz at the beginning of the broadcast. He was right. What followed was a highlight package of Nicklaus charging up the leader board with a birdie binge that reached its apex at the par-4 seventh. There, the Bear was out of hibernation once again, holing a long birdie putt to pull within two of the lead, complete with his iconic putter raise and “yup, this is happening again” smile. Turns out, it wasn’t nearly enough, Nicklaus settling for a 68 and a T-6. But for a brief period of time the 58-year-old might as well have been the only player on the course.

No. 28: A walk-off win on the 15th try (1998)

For much of the day, Mark O’Meara was a non-factor, playing holes 4 through 14 in even par while David Duval, Fred Couples and Jack Nicklaus provided the fireworks. That’s what made the 41-year-old’s finish, in his 15th Masters appearance, all the more legendary … and, frankly, shocking. Birdies on 15 and 17, set up then the potential for the walk-off win as he stood over a 20-footer on 18. The look on O’Meara’s face—one of stunned amazement that his ball somehow caught the left edge and dropped—said it all.

No. 27: Turn down your radio (1978)

Hubert Green had a three-foot putt on the 72nd hole that would have put him into a playoff with Gary Player when he heard Jim Kelly describing the scene for his radio listeners. “People assume I was angry,” Green told Golf Digest’s Guy Yocom in 2005. “I backed away and indicated that I needed quiet. Then I got reset and pushed the putt. End of story. People are amazed that I wasn't distracted, but after I got reset, it truly was like hitting the putt the first time. Pros know how to handle that stuff. Only an amateur would have been put off by the interruption—or would try to make excuses about it.” Added Green, who led by three through 54 holes but shot a 72 that day to Player’s 64: “People are curious as to what exactly I overheard Jim saying. I used to be able to tell you, but now I don't remember.”

No. 26: Dustin Johnson’s tearful victory interview (2020)

There was nothing “normal” about the 2020 Masters, thanks to the COVID-19 pandemic. It was delayed until November, a tournament first. There were no Par 3 Contest, no patrons, no azaleas. Even so, a fall Masters was way better than no Masters at all, golf fans worldwide appreciative of the efforts to move forward with the tournament during harrowing times. In the end, they got a memorable winner, World No. 1 Dustin Johnson grabbing what had become an elusive second career major title with a five-stroke win. DJ broke or tied nine Masters records, most notably the 72-hole scoring mark by two with a 20-under 268. Unflappable for four rounds at ANGC, DJ then showed something few had seen from the 36-year-old in his post-round interview: emotion. A cracked voice and the wiping of tears from the new winner, only weeks removed from his own personal bout with the coronavirus, hinted that the man who grew up in nearby South Carolina had more invested in his game than we all understood—or appreciated.

No. 25: Jack and Jackie Nicklaus’ emotional walk off the 18th (1986)

Jack Nicklaus already was fighting back tears playing the 18th hole. The floodgates opened when he putted out and then embraced his oldest son Jackie, who was serving as caddie for the first time. Then father and son walked off Augusta National, arms around each other’s shoulders unsure if it would be enough to win, but blissful in the magical afternoon they’d shared. CBS stayed with them the whole way off, and in the TV tower, broadcasters Pat Summerall and Ken Venturi wept. Nicklaus has lost count of the grown men who have shared that they too cried at the sight of the embrace. As for the Golden Bear, he said, simply, “It remains one of my most cherished memories.”

No. 24: Tiger's bad drop (2013)

Most Masters memories of Tiger are triumphant, but not those of the 15th hole on a fateful Friday seven years ago. One off the lead, Tiger saw his approach shot on the par 5 hit the flagstick and bounce back into the water. He salvaged a bogey but it became a triple bogey when it was determined his drop hadn’t been close enough to where he hit the original shot. The rules violation came after he signed his card, but he wasn’t DQ’d since officials had initially deemed the drop legal. He played on, a cloud overhead, finishing T-4 but, thankfully, more than two strokes back of a victorious Adam Scott.

No. 23: Sandy Lyle’s magical fairway bunker shot (1988)

Tied with Mark Calcavecchia on the 72nd tee, Scotland's Sandy Lyle hit a 1-iron specifically to avoid the fairway bunkers on the left side of the fairway. “Anywhere but the bunker,” he said after striking it purely. Nothing but sand. Par now was going to be challenge. But when he arrived at his ball, he found the lie was decent. He picked a 7-iron cleanly and then watched as the ball landed past the hole only to trickle back within 10 feet. He raised an arm to celebrate. He then celebrated further when he converted for an unlikely birdie, dancing a short “Scottish jiggle” as he called it.

No. 22: Scoring that’s easy to understand (1960)

Frank Chirkinian worked his first Masters for CBS in 1959 and found it maddening, telling Athens Online years later, “The scores were posted with cumulative scores. … You might have one player with 215 and the other player’s cumulative score might be 240. Nobody knew what was going on.” The following year Chirkinian took care of that, introducing scoring as we know it today: in relation to par instead of strokes. Chirkinian’s brainstorm made golf less confusing and more watchable for those at home. In 1961, Augusta National chairman Clifford Roberts expanded on the idea and had the scoreboards use the relation to par scoring with red numerals indicating under-par scores, green numerals over-par scores and green zeroes even par. As for Chirkinian, he often referred to the scoring system as his proudest accomplishment in a hall of fame career.

No. 21: Jordan Spieth’s splash landing (2016)

One of the most shocking Sunday collapses in golf history began with bogeys at Nos. 10 and 11, but no one foresaw the total train wreck at the 12th. Spieth plunked not one, but two golf balls into Rae’s Creek, the second a complete chunk job that barely reached the hazard after taking a drop. Spieth’s drop down the leader board was even more unfathomable as he went from holding a five-shot lead at the turn to trailing by three shots as he headed to the 13th tee following a quadruple bogey that required getting up-and-down from a bunker. Adding to the shock was the fact Spieth had been a solid back nine away from a second consecutive wire-to-wire win at Augusta National. Instead, he wound up slipping the green jacket on Danny Willett.

No. 20: The King wins his first major but not without controversy (1958)

Arnold Palmer came to the par-3 12th on Sunday leading by one, only to airmail the green and find his ball plugging into the turf. Palmer felt he was entitled to relief under a local rule, but a rules official told him to play it. Arnie hacked it out and made 5, but chose to play another ball and let the committee decide what score should count. Palmer made 3 with the second ball as playing partner Ken Venturi protested, insisting Arnie couldn’t do it after the fact. Palmer eagled the 13th, then on the 15th was told his 3 at 12 would count—a critical call seeing as he won by one over Fred Hawkins and Doug Ford to become the youngest champion at 28 since Byron Nelson in 1937. For Venturi, it was another Masters heartbreak—and he never got over the incident.

No. 19: A final birdie for the Tiger Slam (2001)

In hindsight it seems like a foregone conclusion Woods would win a fourth consecutive major championship. Yet, to do it, he had to hold off playing partner Phil Mickelson as well as a charging World No. 2, David Duval, who was tied with Tiger until a bogey on 16. Needing just a par on 18 to win, Woods rolled in one final birdie to cap his historic accomplishment with a flourish. “There it is!” CBS’ Jim Nantz said as Woods’ putt dropped. “As grand as it gets!” While not the calendar Grand Slam, Tiger became the first and only golfer to simultaneously hold pro golf’s four biggest titles—and we’re not holding our breath on seeing anyone do it again anytime soon.

No. 18: Faldo and Norman hug it out after an emotional final round (1996)

Sunday, April 11, 1996 could not have gone much worse for Greg Norman. The Shark began the day with a six-shot lead before shooting 78 and losing by five. It was his last best chance at winning the title he wanted most, and the realization it had slipped away was clear. The man he lost to, Nick Faldo, appreciated it, too. After holing his birdie putt on the finishing hole for his third Masters title, Faldo sought out Norman and embraced him on the 18th green, a heartwarming display of empathy on an otherwise hard-to-watch afternoon. Their hug was a reminder of the sportsmanship, the humanity, the camaraderie that makes golf special.

No. 17: Nicklaus’ tee shot on 16: “Be right!/It is” (1986)

After Jack Nicklaus' eagle on the 15th hole in the final round—“That was the first time I realized I could win the tournament,” he told Golf Digest’s Guy Yocom 25 years later—Jack backed away from his tee shot at the par-3 16th. As he was re-teeing, CBS’ Jim Nantz, 26 and announcing his first Masters, asked four-time runner-up Tom Weiskopf what was going through Nicklaus’ mind. “If I knew the way he thought,” Weiskopf replied, “I would have won this tournament.” Nicklaus had 175 yards to the hole and chose a 5-iron. While the ball was in the air, Jackie Nicklaus, caddieing for his dad, said, “Be right!” Jack’s reply: “It is.” The ball narrowly missed going in, and Jack made a 3½-footer—“Not a gimme,” he said—to cut Seve Ballesteros’ lead to one. Ballesteros hit a 4-iron second shot into 15 that plopped into the middle of the pond, and Nicklaus was on his way to making history at age 46.

No. 16: Ben Crenshaw wins one for Harvey (1995)

Crenshaw’s victory in the 1995 Masters was as magical as any in tournament history. His second green jacket came a week after his mentor Harvey Penick died, and all during the tournament an inspired Crenshaw, 43, not only played splendidly but also seemed to get more than his share of good breaks. No sooner had his tap-in bogey putt on the 72nd hole secured his one-stroke win over Davis Love III, Crenshaw bent over and put his hands to his face, sobbing. Still overcome with emotion, he nearly fell into caddie Carl Jackson's arms. “I definitely had a couple of Harvey bounces,” Crenshaw said of his good fortune. “For some reason, it was my week.”

No. 15: Hoch as in … agonizing miss (1989)

Before you grieve for Scott Hoch, recognize that he still won 11 times on the PGA Tour, making more than $20 million in career earnings. But even then, he will be mostly defined by one stroke, a roughly 24-inch putt that would have won the 1989 Masters in a playoff over Nick Faldo. Instead, Hoch’s putt never touched the hole, and Faldo went on to win the green jacket by birdieing the next hole (see Defining Moment No. 39). Other players might have had worse collapses at Augusta (Ken Venturi in 1956, Ed Sneed in 1979, Greg Norman in 1996), but it’s hard to think of a more painful single stroke.

No. 14: Tiger’s near-ace (2019)

Woods’ first come-from-behind win in a major was mostly methodical, but he still managed one all-time highlight-reel shot on Sunday at No. 16. Using an 8-iron, Tiger expertly—and almost perfectly—landed his ball near the top of the ridge that cuts through the green. From there, the world, including Michael Phelps positioned behind the tee box, watched and roared as Woods’ ball funneled toward the flagstick, taking a glance at the hole before ending up three feet away. Moments later, Tiger knocked in the birdie putt that all but wrapped up his fifth green jacket and ended a decade-plus drought in majors.

No. 13: Arnie breaks Ken Venturi’s heart (again) (1960)

Arnold Palmer arrived at Augusta National as a heavy favorite to win his second Masters title, and he delivered—with fireworks. On Sunday, at 17, Palmer's 8-iron approach came up 35 feet away from the hole, but he still managed to roll in the bomb, gleefully jogging to the cup to retrieve his ball. At 18, he zipped his approach to six feet. After watching Billy Casper miss from similar distance, Palmer stroked his putt into the cup to become the first player to win the Masters by finishing birdie-birdie and providing Ken Venturi, who came in second by a stroke, more Masters angst.

No. 12: No lay-up in Phil Mickelson (2010)

Phil Mickelson has never, ever been one to back down from a challenge. Sometimes that hurts him. This time, it allowed him to produce the signature moment of his career, and one of the all-time gutsiest shots in major championship history. On the 13th hole, Lefty’s tee shot finished up in the pine straw right of the fairway, a tree to contend with. Lefty's caddie, Jim (Bones) Mackay, wanted him to lay up with his second shot on the par 5, but that word isn’t in Mickelson’s vocabulary on the back nine on Sunday at the Masters. Instead, he pulled a 6-iron from the pine straw, nipped it perfectly and sent it soaring. It plopped down on the green like a butterfly with sore toes, leaving five feet for eagle. We won’t talk about the putt—he missed—but that’s the shot that won him his third green jacket.

No. 11: Lee Elder makes history (1975)

“It was a different time.” There’s a lot of weight in those words, uttered by Lee Elder as he recalled the week he became the first African-American to compete in the Masters. Elder received numerous death threats in the months before he competed at Augusta National in 1975, but he was also touched by the support he received that week. “What amazed me was the number of black people who showed up to watch me play,” he told Golf Digest’s Guy Yocom in 2019 after receiving the USGA’s Bob Jones Award. “I couldn’t begin to guess how many there were, but it was far more than I’d seen at a golf tournament before. It dawned on me that many of them probably weren’t affluent. How did so many manage to obtain one of the toughest tickets in sports? The effort they undertook to get there, the financial sacrifices many of them surely had to make, must have been tremendous. I so wanted to perform well for them, or at least comport myself well.” Elder (shown below with his wife, Rose) missed the cut after rounds of 74-78, and 22 years later, he got a speeding ticket on the way to Augusta to see 21-year-old Tiger Woods before he went out to play the final round of a tournament that transcended sports. “I’d been the first African-American to play there,” Elder said, “but I wanted to see the first African-American win the Masters.” He'll return once more to Augusta National in 2021 when he joins Jack Nicklaus and Gary Player as an honorary starter for this year's tournament.

No. 10: Bubba Watson’s shapely pitching wedge (2012)

How do you know when something deserves being tagged a “defining moment”? In the case of Watson’s stupefying second shot to the 10th hole, it’s the fact that ever since the loveable lefty pulled it off en route to securing his first Masters title in a playoff over Louis Oosthuizen, spectators routinely seek out the spot in the trees to the right of the fairway, pretend to play the shot themselves and have their minds blown all over again. A 52-degree wedge? From 144 yards? Hooking 40 yards? To 15 feet of the hole? Few would have even thought of the shot let alone been able to pull it off. Somehow, Watson made it look routine.

No. 9: Nicklaus leaves Bear tracks (1975)

It’s one of the most iconic images in golf: Jack Nicklaus leaping, his putter thrust skyward, after he dropped a 40-foot birdie putt at the par-3 16th in the final round as leader Tom Weiskopf and Johnny Miller watched helplessly from the tee. That was the dagger that gave the Golden Bear his fifth green jacket, outlasting Weiskopf and Miller by a stroke. “Hear it?” Miller said of the roars after Nicklaus’ putt. “I saw the Bear tracks all over the place.” Added Weiskopf, a runner-up at Augusta for a fourth time: “If I made that putt, I’d be dancing around, too.”

No. 8: One giant leap for Lefty (2004)

“It’s been one of the greatest days in Masters history, plain and simple,” said Jim Nantz as Phil Mickelson lined up an 18-footer that would give him the victory and his long-awaited first major title. Things got even better moments later. As Mickelson’s putt made its way to the hole Nantz uttered the now-classic, “Is it his time?” two feet from the hole and an emphatic, “Yes! At long last!” after it snuck in the left side, sending Mickelson on a leap that has been mocked for its lack of lift, yet remains iconic. The scene afterward was nearly as good. From Mickelson’s joyous celebration on the green to lifting daughter Sophia and saying, “Daddy won. Can you believe it?” to the patrons simply not wanting to leave, Mickelson gave the tournament one of its most popular champions in a year Arnold Palmer played in it for the last time. A great day indeed.

No. 7: A hometown hero’s stunning hole out (1987)

The heavyweight battle was all set with Seve Ballesteros and Greg Norman tied after 72 holes. Then Augusta native Larry Mize birdied his final hole to join them at three-under 285. The unheralded interloper had no chance, but Ballesteros bogeyed the first sudden-death playoff hole, the par-4 10th. He had to trudge back up the steep hill while Norman and Mize played on. Norman found the edge of the green at No. 11. Mize missed right, well off the putting surface, 140 feet from the cup, leaving a perilous chip shot to a green running away from him towards water. It was almost impossible to get close. So Mize knocked it in. He leapt in the air, losing his visor, and thrust his wedge in the air. Then he jogged towards the green, still celebrating and trampling Norman's spirit.

No. 6: ‘What a stupid I am’ (1968)

After opening with an eagle and finishing with a bogey for a final-round 65 on his 45th birthday, Roberto De Vicenzo of Argentina signed a scorecard kept by playing partner Tommy Aaron that noted a 4 rather than the birdie 3 that De Vicenzo made on the 17th hole. The resulting official score of 66 caused De Vicenzo to finish one stroke behind Bob Goalby. De Vicenzo's subdued but agonized reaction—“What a stupid I am to be wrong here”—is among the most memorable sports quotes of the 20th century. As Jaime Diaz recalled in a 2006 Golf Digest profile, De Vicenzo remained so gracious in the aftermath that he was awarded the William D. Richardson Award in 1970 for his outstanding contribution to golf. In his acceptance, he again charmed the multitudes when he noted: "Golf writers make three mistakes spelling my name on trophy … maybe I'm not the only stupid?"

No. 5: ‘In your life!’ (2005)

Locked in a final-round battle with Chris DiMarco, Tiger Woods found himself in an awkward spot up against the collar of the rough after missing the 16th green long and left. But he conjured up arguably the most magical shot of his career and certainly the most replayed shot in golf history, a chip aimed some 20 feet above the hole that funneled—and trickled—down the slope and into the hole for an improbable birdie. Tiger’s golf ball was in motion for a full 16 seconds, including a brief, dramatic pause before dropping into the cup and producing Verne Lundquist’s famed call: “OH! WOW! IN YOUR LIFE HAVE YOU SEEN ANYTHING LIKE THAT?!” Almost as stunning is the fact that Woods followed the spectacular shot with a pair of bogeys to blow his two-shot lead. But while his birdie putt on the first extra hole (No. 44 on our list) gave him a fourth green jacket, it’s this shot on No. 16 that everyone will remember.

No. 4: The shot heard round the world (1935)

It’s not only that it’s perhaps the greatest shot in golf history, but the story behind it makes it even better. Three strokes behind Craig Wood in the final round of the second edition of the Augusta National Invitation Tournament, Gene Sarazen was considering club selection in the 15th fairway when Walter Hagen’s booming voice pierced the air: “Hurry up, will ya?” Hagen called. “I’ve got a date tonight.” Sarazen, choosing his 4-wood, sped things up dramatically by holing the shot for a tying double-eagle 2. “I never realized it went in the hole until I saw people jumping,” Sarazen told Peter Kessler on Golf Talk Live in 1996. “There was only about 25 people up there.” Among them, according to Sarazen, was Bobby Jones. Sarazen would go on to defeat Craig Wood in the tournament’s only 36-hole playoff, but it was the albatross that endured over time. “That shot was the greatest thrill I’ve ever had on a golf course,” Sarazen said years later.

No. 3: Tiger’s return to glory (2019)

One might argue that for Tiger Woods, his final round of the 2019 Masters was defined by its absence of boldfaced, capital “M” moments. Woods birdied three holes in a four-hole stretch, including a kick-in on the par-3 16th. But mostly it was a vintage example of Woods at his cautious, most calculating best, patiently waiting out the mistakes of others. But then it was over, and the restraint Woods exercised over the final round was replaced by an emotional release remarkable in its resonance and duration. Woods’ jousting his arms in the air after the final putt. Woods wrapping his caddie, Joe LaCava, then his son Charlie in powerful embraces. Woods whooping and smiling all the way to the scoring area, he and everyone else celebrating a decade-long journey reaching a fitting, triumphant conclusion.

No. 2: Tiger’s original glory (1997)

There was never a question of the outcome, Woods starting the final round in his first major championship as a professional with a nine-stroke lead. The 18-hole trip around Augusta National, completed in 69 strokes, was every bit a coronation for a golfer whose talent and bravado was about to inspire a generation of boys and girls to take up the sport. Only instead of receiving a crown, Tiger got a bear hug. Earl Woods had been waiting for this day longer than his 21-year-old son. To see him break the then Masters’ 72-hole scoring mark with his 270 total, to win by a record 12 shots, to become the first African-American to win a major, to quiet the naysayers before they could even finish their thought … well, you’d be crying to. If the fist pump after the final putt was all Tiger, the hug behind the green was a collective jubilation. That tearful embrace would become even more poignant 22 years later, when it was Tiger, victorious once more at Augusta National, embracing his own son.

It was crunch time, and the player and his caddie—father and son—disagreed. Jack Nicklaus, at 46 tied for the lead in the final round of the Masters and going for a record sixth green jacket, had hit his approach to 12 feet on the 17th. “It’s hard to appreciate on TV how hard that putt was,” Jackie Nicklaus told Golf Digest’s Guy Yocom in a series of interviews on the 20th and 25th anniversaries of golf’s ultimate moment. “The hole was on a crest where the ball could break either way. I took a look and told Dad I thought the ball would break a little to the right. He overruled me.” Jack’s take: “Rae’s Creek will pull it back to the left or straighten it out.” CBS’ Verne Lundquist, speaking to Yocom in 2017, picks it up from there. “For the 14 seconds it took Jack to hit the putt and for the ball to roll to the hole, I said nothing. I then said, ‘Maybe … ’ Then, when the ball dropped: ‘Yes, SIR!’ … I’d never used that expression before. Just a few years ago, Peter Kostis alerted me to the fact that Ben Wright had used the same expression earlier in the telecast [after Nicklaus’ eagle at 15]. I'm sure the phrase was bubbling in my subconscious and just came out. The only conscious thought I had was to keep my reaction simple. Well, you can’t get much simpler than ‘Yes, sir!’ ” Nicklaus went on to par the 18th to complete a back-nine 30 for a final-round 65, holding off Greg Norman and Tom Kite by a stroke. “In the years after that, Dad and I stuck tees in the ground at the spot where the hole was, trying to make that putt again,” Jackie says. “We haven’t made it—not once.”

Jack Nicklaus

Wife, Barbara Bash Jack II (9/23/61), Steven (4/11/63), Nancy Jean (5/5/65),Gary (1/15/69), Michael (7/24/73) 22 grandchildren

  • 1962 Portland Open Invitational, Seattle World's Fair Open Invitational, U.S. Open Championship
  • 1963 Palm Springs Golf Classic, Masters Tournament, Sahara Invitational, PGA Championship, Tournament of Champions
  • 1964 Phoenix Open Invitational, Tournament of Champions, Whitemarsh Open Invitational, Portland Open Invitational
  • 1965 Masters Tournament, Philadelphia Golf Classic, Portland Open Invitational, Thunderbird Classic, Memphis Open Invitational
  • 1966 Masters Tournament, Sahara Invitational, The Open Championship
  • 1967 Bing Crosby National Pro-Am, Sahara Invitational, Westchester Classic, Western Open, U.S. Open Championship
  • 1968 Western Open, American Golf Classic
  • 1969 Andy Williams-San Diego Open Invitational, Sahara Invitational, Kaiser International Open Invitational
  • 1970 National Four-Ball Championship, The Open Championship, Byron Nelson Golf Classic
  • 1971 National Team Championship, Walt Disney World Open Invitational, Tournament of Champions, Byron Nelson Golf Classic, PGA Championship
  • 1972 Bing Crosby National Pro-Am, Doral-Eastern Open, U.S. Professional Match Play Championship, U.S. Open Championship, Westchester Classic, Walt Disney World Open Invitational, Masters Tournament
  • 1973 Bing Crosby National Pro-Am, Ohio Kings Island Open, Walt Disney World Golf Classic, Tournament of Champions, Greater New Orleans Open, Atlanta Classic, PGA Championship
  • 1974 Hawaiian Open, Tournament Players Championship
  • 1975 Doral-Eastern Open, PGA Championship, World Open Golf Championship, Sea Pines Heritage Classic, Masters Tournament
  • 1976 Tournament Players Championship, World Series of Golf
  • 1977 Jackie Gleason-Inverrary Classic, MONY Tournament of Champions, Memorial Tournament
  • 1978 Jackie Gleason-Inverrary Classic, Tournament Players Championship, The Open Championship, IVB-Philadelphia Golf Classic
  • 1980 U.S. Open Championship, PGA Championship
  • 1982 Colonial National Invitation
  • 1984 Memorial Tournament
  • 1986 Masters Tournament

PGA TOUR Champions Victories (10)

  • 1990 Mazda SENIOR TOURNAMENT PLAYERS Championship, The Tradition at Desert Mountain
  • 1991 U.S. Senior Open, PGA Seniors' Championship, The Tradition at Desert Mountain
  • 1993 U.S. Senior Open
  • 1994 Mercedes Championships
  • 1995 The Tradition
  • 1996 GTE Suncoast Classic, The Tradition

International Victories (20)

  • 1963 World Cup [indiv].
  • 1964 Australian Open [Aus],
  • 1964 World Cup [indiv].
  • 1968 Australian Open [Aus.].
  • 1970 Piccadily World Match Play Championship [Eur].
  • 1971 Australian Open [Aus],
  • 1971 Dunlop International [Aus],
  • 1971 World Cup [indiv].
  • 1975 Australian Open [Aus].
  • 1976 Australian Open [Aus].
  • 1978 Australian Open [Aus].
  • 1991 Senior Skins Game.
  • 1999 Wendy's Three-Tour Challenge [with Tom Watson, Hale Irwin].
  • 1999 Office Depot Father/Son Challenge [with Gary].
  • 1999 Diners Club Matches [with Tom Watson].
  • 2000 Hyundai Team Matches [with Tom Watson].
  • 2005 Wendy's Champions Skins Game [with Tom Watson].
  • 2007 Wendy's Champions Skins Game [with Tom Watson].
  • 2010 Wendy's Champions Skins Game [with Tom Watson].
  • 2011 Kaanapali Champions Skins Game [with Tom Watson].
  • 1959 U.S. Amateur
  • 1961 U.S. Amateur
  • 1961 NCAA Championship [indiv]
  • 1962 World Series of Golf
  • 1963 World Series of Golf
  • 1963 Canada Cup [with Arnold Palmer]
  • 1963 Canada Cup [indiv]
  • 1964 Canada Cup [with Arnold Palmer]
  • 1964 Canada Cup [indiv]
  • 1966 PGA National Team Championship [with Arnold Palmer]
  • 1966 PGA Team Championship [with Arnold Palmer]
  • 1966 World Cup [with Arnold Palmer]
  • 1966 Canada Cup [with Arnold Palmer]
  • 1967 World Series of Golf
  • 1967 World Cup [with Arnold Palmer]
  • 1970 World Series of Golf
  • 1973 World Cup [with Johnny Miller]
  • 1983 Chrysler Team Championship [with Johnny Miller]
  • 1999 Champions Tour-Hyundai Team Matches [with Tom Watson]
  • 1962 Lost to Bobby Nichols, Dan Sikes, Houston Classic
  • 1962 Defeated Arnold Palmer, U.S. Open Championship
  • 1963 Defeated Gary Player, Palm Springs Golf Classic
  • 1963 Lost to Julius Boros, Arnold Palmer, Western Open
  • 1965 Lost to Doug Sanders, Pensacola Open Invitational
  • 1965 Defeated Johnny Pott, Memphis Open Invitational
  • 1966 Defeated Tommy Jacobs, Masters Tournament
  • 1968 Defeated Lee Elder, Frank Beard, American Golf Classic
  • 1969 Defeated George Archer, Don January, Billy Casper, Kaiser International Open Invitational
  • 1970 Defeated Arnold Palmer, Byron Nelson Golf Classic
  • 1971 Lost to Gardner Dickinson, Atlanta Classic
  • 1971 Lost to Lee Trevino, U.S. Open Championship
  • 1972 Defeated Johnny Miller, Bing Crosby National Pro-Am
  • 1972 Lost to Bobby Mitchell, Tournament of Champions
  • 1973 Defeated Orville Moody, Raymond Floyd, Bing Crosby National Pro-Am
  • 1973 Defeated Miller Barber, Greater New Orleans Open
  • 1974 Lost to Frank Beard, Johnny Miller, Bob Murphy, World Open Golf Championship
  • 1975 Lost to Tom Weiskopf, Canadian Open
  • 1975 Defeated Billy Casper, World Open Golf Championship
  • 1977 Defeated Bruce Lietzke, MONY Tournament of Champions
  • 1980 Lost to Raymond Floyd, Doral-Eastern Open
  • 1982 Lost to Tom Kite, Denis Watson, Bay Hill Classic
  • 1984 Defeated Andy Bean, Memorial Tournament
  • 1991 Defeated Chi Chi Rodriguez, U.S. Senior Open
  • 1995 Defeated Isao Aoki, The Tradition
  • 1995 Lost to J.C. Snead, Ford Senior Players Championship
  • 1998, 2003, 2005, 2007 The Presidents Cup Captain
  • 1969, 1971, 1973, 1975, 1977, 1981 Ryder Cup
  • 1983, 1987 Ryder Cup Captain
  • 1959, 1961 Walker Cup
  • 1963, 1964, 1965, 1966, 1967, 1971 World Cup
  • 1960 World Amateur Team Championship
  • Remains one of golf's driving forces off the course.
  • Founder and host of the Memorial Tournament.
  • One of the world's leading golf course designers.
  • The Nicklaus companies' global business includes golf course design, development and licensing.
  • Over 600 professional golf tournaments have been staged on as many as 90 Nicklaus courses, including 15 current PGA TOUR and Champions Tour events as well as Ryder Cup, PGA Championship and World Cups.
  • Selected as Golf World's Golf Course Architect of the Year in 1993.
  • The Golf Course Superintendents Association of America named him as the winner of its Old Tom Morris Award in February, 2005 at the GCSAA Education Conference.
  • At age 10, carded a 51 in the first nine holes he played.
  • Jack Nicklaus Museum on campus of Ohio State, his alma mater, opened in May 2002.
  • Named 1999 Father of the Year by Minority Golf Association.
  • Named co-chair with Juli Inkster of The First Tee's Capital Campaign, More Than A Game, in November 2000.
  • With wife Barbara, opened and dedicated the Nicklaus Children's Hospital in West Palm Beach, Fla., on Nov. 1, 2004.
  • Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from President George W. Bush in November, 2005 at a White House ceremony.
  • In 2006, was named the "Most Powerful Person in Golf" for the third year in a row by Golf, Inc. Magazine.
  • Honored by the sousaphone section of The Ohio State University marching band at its 2006 game against Minnesota by being selected to dot the "i" in script "Ohio" at halftime. Became just the fifth non-band member to be accorded that honor.
  • Wife, Barbara, was named the recipient of the 2015 Bob Jones Award by the USGA.
  • Grandson, Nick O'Leary, was the starting tight end on Florida State's 2013 national championship team and was a consensus All-American honors in 2014 for the Seminoles.
  • Bass Pro Shops Legends of Golf at Big Cedar Lodge: Teamed with Gary Player to finish second in the Legends Division at the Bass Pro Shops Legends of Golf in April.

Received the Ambassador of Golf Award in late-July at the World Golf Championships-Bridgestone Invitational the same day his designed Jack Nicklaus GC Korea was named the host site of the 2015 Presidents Cup.

Saw Tiger Woods tie his career PGA TOUR wins mark when Woods recorded his 73rd career win at the Memorial Tournament, an event he hosted. Woods later won his 74th TOUR event at the AT&T National, to move to No. 2 on the all-time wins list behind only Sam Snead's 82 victories.

  • PNC Father-Son Challenge: Teamed with son Gary to finish T6 at the PNC Father/Son Challenge in Orlando in December.
  • Insperity Championship presented by United Healthcare: Played in the Greats of Golf exhibition at the Champions Tour's Insperity Championship along with Gary Player and Arnold Palmer.
  • Masters Tournament: Again served as the Honorary Starter, along with Arnold Palmer, at the Masters Tournament.
  • Champions Skins Game: Successfully defended his Champions Skins Game title when he teamed with Tom Watson to win the event with Watson for a third time.

The PGA TOUR announced that his course, Muirfield Village GC, would host The Presidents Cup in 2013, when the biennial competition returns to the United States. With the announcement, Muirfield Village will become the only facility in the world to host a Ryder Cup, Solheim Cup and Presidents Cup.

  • Masters Tournament: Debuted as Honorary Starter at the Masters tournament with Palmer.
  • Wendy's Champions Skins Game: Combined with Tom Watson to win the 2010 Wendy's Champions Skins Game as the team held off defending champions Fuzzy Zoeller and Ben Crenshaw. The win came four days before his 70th birthday.
  • Mountain Mission Kids: Teamed with Arnold Palmer and Gary Player at The Olde Farm GC in Virginia in The Big 3 for Mountain Mission Kids sponsored by Johnson & Johnson. The 19-hole scramble event, benefiting the Mountain Mission School, raised more than $15.1 million, the most-ever by a golf tournament in a single day.
  • Wendy's Champions Skins Game: Lone appearance in a Champions Tour event came in January when he and teammate Tom Watson competed in the Wendy's Senior Skins Game in Hawaii, where they failed to win a skin.
  • Charlie Bartlett Award: Received the Charlie Bartlett Award from the Golf Writers Association of American for his unselfish contributions to the betterment of society.
  • Wendy's Champions Skins Game: Teamed with Tom Watson to finish second at the Wendy's Champions Skins Game on Maui. The pair won a record $270,000 and eight skins on the first nine holes, but after getting shut out on the final nine they fell to the team of Peter Jacobsen-Fuzzy Zoeller on the first playoff hole.
  • The Presidents Cup: Captained the U.S. Presidents Cup team to victory in Canada at Royal Montreal GC during the fall.
  • Wendy's Champions Skins Game: Teamed with Tom Watson for a third Wendy's Champions Skins Game title and second in the last three years in Hawaii. Duo closed fast, winning seven skins on the back nine to claim victory over Gary Player and Jay Haas.

Did not play an official event on the PGA TOUR or Champions Tour for the first time since 1957.

  • Wendy's Champions Skins Game: Teamed with Tom Watson for eight skins and $260,000 at the Wendy's Champions Skins Game in Hawaii. Duo lost to Raymond Floyd-Dana Quigley when Floyd made a birdie putt on the 17th hole for 10 skins and $410,000 in the alternate-shot event.
  • Order of the Rising Sun Medal: Japan honored him with its Order of the Rising Sun Medal, and the Golf Writers Association of America presented him with the ASAP Sports/Jim Murray Award for his cooperation, quotability and accommodation to the media.
  • The Presidents Cup: Captained the victorious United States team in The Presidents Cup.
  • The Open Championship: Made his final start at The Open Championship at St. Andrews but missed playing on the weekend by two strokes despite a second-round, even-par 72 where he made a 15-foot birdie putt on No. 18.
  • Bayer Advantage Classic: Lone Champions Tour start came at the Bayer Advantage Classic, where he was T64. Also teamed with his son Steve in the pro-am portion of the event.
  • the Memorial Tournament: Also missed the cut at the Memorial Tournament in what turned out to be his final PGA TOUR start at a golf course and event he founded.
  • Masters Tournament: Made his 45th and final Masters appearance but did not make the cut.
  • Wendy's Champions Skins Game: Was victorious at the Wendy's Champions Skins Game in early February when he won 12 skins and a career-best $340,000 at the Hawaii event. It was his second win in the tournament and first since 1991.
  • Old Tom Morris Award: Won the Old Tom Morris Award from the Golf Course Superintendents Association of America and the ASAP Sports/Jim Murray Award from the Golf Writers Association of America.
  • Presidential Medal of Freedom: Received the Presidential Medal of Freedom from U.S. President George W. Bush. It is the highest award a civilian can receive.

Was T15 at The ACE Group Classic and T36 at the Toshiba Senior Classic.

  • the Memorial Tournament: Became the second-oldest player to make a cut on the PGA TOUR when (at age 64) he finished T63 at the Memorial after a final-round 71, his lowest score on the PGA TOUR in two years.
  • Senior PGA Championship: Played three rounds at the Senior PGA Championship before withdrawing.
  • BMW Charity Pro-Am at the Cliffs: Also competed in the Korn Ferry Tour's BMW Charity Pro-Am at The Cliffs, along with sons Gary, Jack and Michael. All missed the cut at The Cliffs in Traveler's Rest, S.C.
  • Masters Tournament: Played in his 44th Masters, tying Sam Snead and Billy Casper for number of appearances in the tournament but missed the cut.
  • Wendy's Champions Skins Game: Finished in third place at the Wendy's Champions Skins Game. Earned three skins and $60,000 over the first nine holes but was shut out on the back nine at Wailea's Gold Course.
  • MasterCard Championship: Solo sixth-place effort at the season-opening MasterCard Championship in Hawaii was his best on the Champions Tour since a T4 at the 2001 U.S. Senior Open. Carded three consecutive rounds in the 60s at Hualalai, a first in a 54-hole Champions Tour event for him.
  • World Sports Hall of Fame: Part of the World Sports Hall of Fame inaugural class.
  • The Presidents Cup: Captained the U.S. Presidents Cup team for a second time in the biennial matches in South Africa.
  • JELD-WEN Tradition: Also was in contention on Sunday at the JELD-WEN Tradition before eventually T10 in Portland, his eighth top-10 performance in 13 appearances in the event.
  • Kinko's Classic of Austin: Was in contention for 36 holes of the Kinko's Classic of Austin before finishing T7 after an even-par 72 Sunday.
  • BMW Charity Pro-Am at the Cliffs: Made his debut on the Korn Ferry Tour at the BMW Charity Pro-Am at The Cliffs and T45 in event near Greenville, S.C. Appearance at The Cliffs with four sons marked the first time all five played together in a professional event.
  • MasterCard Championship: Started the season with a nice showing at the MasterCard Championship. Was T11 at Hualalai after closing with a 6-under-par 66, his best score since posting 65 on the last day of the 1996 Tradition.

Made just two official appearances due to persistent lower-back pain. Played in April at The Countrywide Tradition and finished 69th. Arizona appearance was his first official event since July 2001 when he was forced to withdraw from the Ford Senior Players Championship with a hamstring injury.

  • Senior PGA Championship: Made the cut at the Senior PGA Championship at Firestone CC but was forced to withdraw Saturday morning with lower-back pain.
  • Memorial Tournament: Lone appearance on the PGA TOUR was at the Memorial Tournament, where he made the cut and finished 71st.
  • Masters Tournament: Bad back forced him to miss the Masters, only the second time the six-time champion didn't start in the tournament since his debut in 1959 (hip-replacement surgery knocked him out of the 1999 tournament).
  • Battle of Bighorn: Teamed with Tiger Woods to win the unofficial Battle of Bighorn over Sergio Garcia and Lee Trevino.

Again played in seven official events and registered two top-10 finishes. Was T4 at the U.S. Senior Open and was fourth at the inaugural Siebel Classic in Silicon Valley. Played in four PGA TOUR events, including his 42nd Masters Tournament, but missed the cut in each event.

  • Verizon Classic: Had a chance at victory early in the campaign, at the GTE Classic. Was tied for the first-round lead near Tampa and was just two strokes off the pace after 36 holes. Drifted into a T20 after a final-round 75 at TPC Tampa Bay.
  • Senior Skins Game: Finished second to Hale Irwin at the Senior Skins Game in January despite claiming 10 skins and $260,000.

Played in all four majors for the last time, including his last U.S. Open and PGA Championship starts.

  • Masters Tournament: Made his final Masters Tournament cut. Opened 74-70 at Augusta National before falling back to a T54 with an 81-78 finish. His 2-under 70 in the second round was the final time he broke par at the Masters.
  • Payne Stewart Award: Won the first Payne Stewart Award, given by the PGA TOUR.
  • Distinguished Service Award: Received both the Distinguished Service Award, from the PGA of America, and was the Memorial Tournament Honoree by the tournament's Captain's Club.
  • Best Individual Athlete of the 20th Century: Named Best Individual Athlete of the 20th Century by Sports Illustrated.
  • Golfer of the Century: Named Golfer of the Century by 11 different magazines or Websites, including PGATOUR.COM, the Associated Press, the BBC, Golf Digest, Golf magazine, Golf, Golf World and Golfweek.

Underwent left-hip replacement surgery in January and played in only two PGA TOUR tournaments and three official Champions Tour events. Did not play until midway through the year. Missed the cut at the U.S. Open at Pinehurst and made his lone cut, at the Memorial Tournament, where he T70.

  • Bell Atlantic Classic: At the Bell Atlantic Classic, he finished 18th outside Philadelphia. Traveled to Park City, Utah, where he T53 at the Novell Utah Showdown.
  • Father of the Year: Named Father of the Year by the Minority Golf Association of America.

Hobbled by a painful left hip for the majority of the year, he played in just six official Champions Tour events. Equaled his mark for the best finish by a senior player in a major championship when he closed with a 4-under 68 at Augusta National to T6 at the Masters, four strokes behind winner Mark O'Meara. The 68 was his final sub-70 round at the Masters.

  • The Presidents Cup: Captained the U.S. team in the third Presidents Cup, at Royal Melbourne GC, in December.
  • U.S. Senior Open: On the Champions Tour, his final-round 67 at Riviera CC was the low round of the U.S. Senior Open and came just a day after he posted a 79, his worst 18-hole score since turning 50.
  • The Open Championship: Ended his remarkable run of 154 consecutive appearances in major championships for which he was eligible when he chose not play in The Open Championship.
  • Ford Senior Players Championship: Also was on the leaderboard after the first round of the Ford Senior Players Championship but had to settle for a solo sixth in Dearborn, Mich.
  • U.S. Open Championship: Made his final U.S. Open cut–a T43 on rounds of 73-74-73-75 at The Olympic Club in San Francisco.
  • PGA Seniors' Championship: Was among the early leaders at the PGA Seniors' Championship and eventually T6 at PGA National in Florida.
  • Champions Tour Player of the Year Awards: It was announced at the PGA TOUR Awards Dinner that PGA TOUR and Champions Tour Player of the Year Awards would be named in his honor (Korn Ferry Tour honor also holds that title now).

Made the cut at the Masters Tournament, U.S. Open and The Open Championship but missed the weekend at the PGA Championship.

  • U.S. Open Championship: His 41st U.S. Open appearance produced a pair of milestones: 150th consecutive appearance in a major championship and his 10,000th hole played.
  • Memorial Tournament: Highlight of the year came at the Memorial Tournament, where he shot 69-70-69 to finish T8 at the weather-shortened event. Performance at his Muirfield Village was his best on the PGA TOUR since a T6 at the 1995 AT&T Pebble Beach National Pro-Am.
  • PGA Seniors' Championship: Was bothered by a chronic hip problem as he played six Champions Tour events and seven PGA TOUR tournaments. Best finish was a distant T2 behind Hale Irwin at the PGA Seniors' Championship.
  • Masters Tournament: Broke Sam Snead's record for most rounds played at the Masters, with his 147th round he recorded Sunday.
  • The Open Championship: Opened 69-66 at The Open Championship at Royal Lytham & St. Annes and was tied for third at the tournament's halfway point. Stumbled to a 6-over 77 and went on to T44.
  • U.S. Open Championship: Best finish of the campaign was a T27 at the U.S. Open. Shot a third-round 69 at Oakland Hills.
  • The Tradition: Became the first player to win the same Champions Tour event four times when he claimed The Tradition. Victory in Arizona was his 100th win as a professional and his eighth senior major championship, the most by any player over 50. Shot 65 in the final round at Desert Mountain to best Hale Irwin by three strokes. In the third round at Desert Mountain, he carded his third career double eagle and his first since the 1965 Greater Jacksonville Open.
  • GTE Suncoast Classic: Also won his first 54-hole event title, rallying from five strokes back to edge J.C. Snead for the GTE Suncoast Classic championship.

Also was the runner-up to Tom Weiskopf at the U.S. Senior Open and was second to J.C. Snead at the Ford Senior Players Championship.

  • The Tradition: On the Champions Tour, he defeated Isao Aoki in a playoff to win his third Tradition title. At the same time, became only the fifth man to win the same tournament three times.
  • AT&T Pebble Beach National Pro-Am: Opened his season with a flourish, shooting rounds of 71-70-67 to sit in a tie for 10th at the AT&T Pebble Beach National Pro-Am. Was only five shots off the pace, and a Sunday 70 at Pebble Beach GL moved him up the leaderboard into a T6, seven strokes behind winner Peter Jacobsen.

Entered eight PGA TOUR events, with his lone made cut at the U.S. Open at Oakmont CC. Began the tournament with a 69-70 and was tied for fifth through 36 holes. Finished with a 77-76 to T28.

  • Mercedes Championships: Played only six Champions Tour events. Came from three strokes behind Bob Murphy to win the season-opening Mercedes Championships at La Costa Resort and Spa to win by a shot. The win outside San Diego gave him seven victories in 26 career Champions Tour starts (27-percent success rate).

Played 10 PGA TOUR events and was T10 at the Doral-Ryder Open for his top showing.

  • U.S. Senior Open: Claimed his second U.S. Senior Open title, holding off rival Tom Weiskopf by a shot at Cherry Hills CC outside Denver. Victory also continued a streak of never losing a senior event when leading after 54 holes.
  • Doral-Ryder Open: Lone PGA TOUR top-10 came at the Doral-Ryder Open. Opened the tournament shooting rounds of 69-68-67 but was never really in contention and was nine strokes behind Greg Norman at the 54-hole mark. His final-round 73 at Doral CC's Blue Monster dropped him to a T10.

Didn't record a top-10 on the PGA TOUR for the first time since 1988. His top performance was a T29 at the Honda Classic not far from his home in Palm Beach, Fla.

  • U.S. Senior Open: Was T3 at Saucon Valley in defense of his U.S. Senior Open crown and went over the $6-million mark in all-time earnings with his finish there.
  • The Tradition: Made only four official Champions Tour starts. Opened with a 65 at Desert Mountain but lost by one to Lee Trevino in his bid for a third consecutive Tradition title.
  • Family of the Year: The Metropolitan Golf Writers Association awarded his wife and children Family of the Year distinction.

Only missed one cut in his eight starts and played on the weekend at all four majors. Made just five appearances on the Champions Tour but won three official events, including his only PGA Seniors' Championship and first U.S. Senior Open title.

  • U.S. Senior Open: U.S. Senior Open victory over Chi Chi Rodriguez came in an 18-hole playoff at Oakland Hills CC, shooting a 65 to Rodriguez's 69 in the extra session. He became the first player to win USGA titles in five different decades.
  • PGA Seniors' Championship: Twenty years after winning the PGA Championship there, he opened with back-to-back 66s at the PGA Seniors' Championship at PGA National GC to win his fourth Champions Tour event in six starts, defeating Bruce Crampton by six strokes.
  • The Tradition at Desert Mountain: Also came from five strokes back to successfully defend his Tradition title by one shot over Jim Colbert, Jim Dent and Phil Rodgers.
  • Doral-Ryder Open: Shot a tournament-best, 9-under 63 at the Doral-Ryder Open in early March and was a stroke off the lead through 36 holes at Doral CC's Blue Course. Skied to a Saturday 75 to fall six off the pace and tied for ninth. Recovered Sunday and made a final challenge, shooting a 2-under 70, one of only two under-par rounds on the day (Curtis Strange, 67) to T5, three behind winner Rocco Mediate.

Became eligible for the Champions Tour in mid-January. Back on the PGA TOUR, he finished solo sixth at the Masters, at the time the best finish by a senior player in a major since Sam Snead T3 at the 1974 PGA Championship. Missed the cut at the PGA Championship but made it to the weekend at the U.S. Open (T33) and The Open Championship (T63). Played in three other official Champions Tour events.

  • U.S. Senior Open: Was runner-up at the U.S. Senior Open, two strokes behind Lee Trevino at New Jersey's Ridgewood CC.
  • Mazda SENIOR TOURNAMENT PLAYERS Championship: Cruised to a six-stroke victory at the Mazda Senior Tournament Players Championship, doing it in record-setting fashion by shooting a 27-under 261 at Dearborn CC, the lowest 72-hole total in Champions Tour history.
  • PGA Seniors' Championship: Was also T3 at the PGA Seniors' Championship.
  • The Tradition at Desert Mountain: Made his debut at The Tradition. His four-stroke win over Gary Player made him the seventh of just 10 players ever to claim a title in his Champions Tour debut.

Had double-digit starts–10–and recorded two top-10 finishes, at The International in Colorado (ninth) and the Canadian Open (T10). Played in the four major championships, making the cut in all of them–with a T18 at the Masters his best showing. Missed only one cut, at the Doral-Ryder Open in February.

Made nine PGA TOUR starts, with his T21 at the Masters his top showing.

  • Golfer of the Century: As part of its Centennial of Golf in America, voted as golfer of the century by Golf.

A year after winning his sixth Masters Tournament title, he turned in a solid performance in defense of his title. Began the final round tied for 20th, seven strokes behind leaders Ben Crenshaw and Roger Maltbie. Moved 13 spots up the leaderboard with a final-round 70 at Augusta National, one of only eight under-par rounds Sunday.

  • Ryder Cup Matches: Was the U.S. Ryder Cup captain for the second time as the event moved to his Muirfield Village GC in Dublin, Ohio. Europe, which had won the cup in 1985, won again with a two-point victory.

Thrilled golf fans with a Sunday, back-nine charge at the Masters to win his sixth green jacket, becoming, at age 46, the oldest Masters winner in tournament history. Had a final-round 65. In his seven TOUR starts prior to his visit to Augusta National, his best finish was a T39 at the Hawaiian Open and also included a withdrawl (USF&G Classic) and a missed cut (Tournament Players Championship) in his two tournament starts prior to the Masters.

  • NEC World Series of Golf: Was also T9 in his final official start of the year, at the NEC World Series of Golf. Was tied for fourth, three behind Dan Pohl until a 3-over 73 ended any winning hopes.
  • U.S. Open Championship: Had weekend rounds of 67-68 at the U.S. Open to T8.
  • Memorial Tournament: Made a run at victory five weeks later, at the Memorial Tournament. Had an opening-round 66 and fired a final-round 69 to T5 in Ohio.

Had two runner-up finishes and was in contention in two other tournaments. Late in the summer-early fall, he got hot, finishing T2 at the Canadian Open. Was three strokes off Curtis Strange's leading pace through 54 holes at Glen Abbey GC and was still able to move up the leaderboard on the final day even though he shot an even-par 72. Finished two strokes behind Strange for his sixth and final runner-up showing in Canada's national open.

  • Greater Milwaukee Open: In September at the Greater Milwaukee Open, he was the only player in the field at Tuckaway CC to record four under-par rounds. Couldn't overcome Jim Thorpe's third-round 62, though, and settled for a solo second, three strokes behind Thorpe. The runner-up finish was the last of his 58 second-place PGA TOUR performances.
  • Masters Tournament: His other top-10 of the year came at the Masters Tournament, where a final-round 69 earned him a T6 finish.
  • Doral-Eastern Open: In February, despite opening with a 4-over 76 at the Doral-Eastern Open, he came back with rounds of 68-69 to put himself in position to win. A 2-over 74 ended those hopes, leaving him T3 in South Florida.
  • Golf Family of the Year: Family was voted Golf Family of the Year by the National Golf Foundation.

Won once and had two second-place finishes for the season, with his victory coming at his Memorial Tournament. Tried to hold off a hard-charging Andy Bean but couldn't, and the duo ended tied at 8-under at the end of regulation after Bean shot a 5-under 67. In the sudden-death playoff, he finally prevailed, making par on the third playoff hole at Muirfield Village. Had three tournaments where he shot final-round 66s–Bay Hill Classic (T9), NEC World Series of Golf (10th) and the Southern Open (T11).

  • Chrysler Team Championship: In defense of their Chrysler Team Championship victory, with Johnny Miller, the duo T12.
  • Canadian Open: Second close call of the season came at the Canadian Open. Opened with a 1-over 73 at Glen Abbey GC then reeled off consecutive 69s over the final 54 holes but still came up two strokes short of Greg Norman.
  • Doral-Eastern Open: He was a stroke off the lead after the third round of the Doral-eastern Open. Shot a final-round 68 at Doral's Blue Monster but still finished second as Tom Kite blistered the course with a 7-under 65 to win by two. It was his fifth runner-up showing at Doral.
  • Los Angeles Open: Had a couple of chances early in the season to win. Had weekend rounds of 70-69 at the Los Angeles Open but could get no closer than four strokes within winner David Edwards, settling a solo third-place finish at Riviera CC.

It was a season of close calls as he finished second three times for a third consecutive season, with the biggest disappointment coming late in the year as he tried to win his 18th major title.

  • Chrysler Team Championship: Earned an unofficial title with Miller at the Chrysler Team Championship in Boca Raton, Fla., in mid-December, with the duo shooting a best-ball, 11-under 61 in the first round leading to a one-stroke win over Al Geiberger-Peter Oosterhuis.
  • Ryder Cup Matches: Captained the U.S. for the first time in the Ryder Cup, held at PGA National GC not far from his South Florida home. Led the U.S. to a one-point win.
  • World Series of Golf: Final official start of the year came at the World Series of Golf, where he came close to picking off a second official title at the event. Another 73, this time in the second round, hurt his chances as he closed 69-65 at Firestone CC to finish solo second behind Nick Price.
  • PGA Championship: In his next start, at the PGA Championship at Riviera CC outside Los Angeles, another opening 73 was his undoing. Came back with a second-round 65 and then closed with a 71-66 to finish solo second, a stroke behind Hal Sutton.
  • Canadian Open: At the Canadian Open, he got off to a slow start, with a 2-over 73 at Glen Abbey GC. Followed with rounds of 68-70-67 but finished a stroke out of the John Cook-Johnny Miller playoff that Cook won.
  • Masters Tournament: Had to withdraw from the Masters Tournament for the only time in his career. After opening with a 73 at Augusta National, back spasms sidelined him. He showed no ill effects from the injury in his next start, the MONY Tournament of Champions, beginning the tournament with a seven-birdie, no-bogey 65 at La Costa Resort. Went on to T10.
  • Honda Inverrary Classic: Shot a final-round 66 at the Honda Inverrary Classic but came up two strokes short of Johnny Miller at Inverrary G&CC.
  • Card Walker Award: Received the Card Walker Award in honor of his contributions to junior golf.

Came excruciatingly close to having a phenomenal season but only won once while finishing second three times.

  • U.S. Open Championship: Was victimized for a second consecutive year in a major by Tom Watson, this time at the U.S. Open at Pebble Beach. He lost by a stroke when Watson chipped in for birdie on the 17th hole Sunday.
  • Kemper Open: Was also T3 at the Kemper Open at Congressional CC.
  • Colonial National Invitation: In his ninth start at the event, he won the Colonial National Invitational for his only career win in Fort Worth. Shot an opening 66 at Colonial CC and finished with a 3-under 67 to win by three strokes over Andy North.
  • Bay Hill Classic: Lost in a three-man playoff in March at the Bay Hill Classic. Appeared to be in control, shooting three consecutive rounds in the 60s to lead Raymond Floyd by a stroke going into the final round. Struggled playing with Floyd on Sunday at Bay Hill. He shot a 4-over 75 and Floyd shot a 76 and Tom Kite and Denis Watson took advantage. The trio finished at 14-under, with Kite making birdie to win on the first extra hole.
  • Wickes-Andy Williams San Diego Open: In his first start of the season, at the Wickes-Andy Williams San Diego Open, he was a distant seven strokes behind 54-hole leader Johnny Miller. Fashioned a tournament-best, 8-under 64 on Torrey Pines' South Course but fell a stroke shy of winner Johnny Miller.

Went winless but gave himself numerous opportunities at victory. First of his three runner-up performances came at the American Motors Inverrary Classic. Shot rounds of 65-73-69-68 to lose by a stroke to Tom Kite at Inverrary G&CC. Had four other top-10s on the season.

  • Ryder Cup Matches: After missing the 1979 Ryder Cup, he played in his final biennial event, going 3-0 in foursomes and four-balls (Tom Watson was his partner in all three). He then won his singles match (5 and 3 over Eamonn Darcy) as the U.S. rolled to a nine-point win over Europe at Walton Heath GC in England.
  • PGA Championship: He made a run at the PGA Championship, ultimately finishing T4 at the Atlanta Athletic Club.
  • Canadian Open: Was also second at the Canadian Open. Couldn't match his opening 70-70-70 at Glen Abbey GC in the final round, finishing with an even-par 71 to finish a stroke behind Peter Oosterhuis.
  • Masters Tournament: Finished two strokes behind Tom Watson, tied with Johnny Miller, for a T2 at the Masters.

Won multi-major championships for the fifth (and final) time of his career, grabbing victories at the U.S. Open and the PGA Championship. At the U.S. Open at Baltusrol GC, tied the tournament 18-hole scoring record when he shot a 7-under 63 to take a share of the first-round lead (with Tom Weiskopf). Held at least a share of the lead after every round, eventually beating Isao Aoki, Keith Fergus, Lon Hinkle and Tom Watson by two strokes.

  • PGA Championship: At the PGA Championship, at Rochester's Oak Hill CC, he won in a rout, beating Andy Bean by seven strokes. Only held a three-stroke lead going into the final day and then shot a 1-under 69 for his fifth PGA Championship.
  • The Open Championship: Finished a distant nine shots behind Watson's winning score at The Open Championship, where he T4.
  • Doral-Eastern Open: Lost in a playoff at the Doral-Eastern Open, to Raymond Floyd. Had a 12-foot birdie putt on the first playoff hole, with Floyd off the green chipping for birdie. Floyd chipped in, and when he couldn't make his birdie putt, Floyd had the victory.

Went winless for the first time in his professional career. Had won at least two tournaments every year between 1962 and 1978. Had top-10s in three of his four major appearances.

  • IVB-Philadelphia Golf Classic: At the IVB Philadelphia Classic, he had weekend rounds of 67-65 at Whitemarsh Valley GC to T4 in defense of his title there.
  • The Open Championship: Had his seventh and final runner-up performance at The Open Championship. Completed play T2 with Ben Crenshaw, three strokes behind winner Seve Ballesteros at Royal Lytrham & St. Annes in England.
  • U.S. Open Championship: Was also T9 at the U.S. Open.
  • Masters Tournament: Was solo fourth at the Masters Tournament. His final-round 69 at Augusta National was the low round of the day but still left him a stroke out of the Fuzzy Zoeller-Ed Sneed-Tom Watson playoff that Zoeller won.

Claimed four tournament titles, including wins at The Open Championship and the Tournament Players Championship. Named Sportsman of the Year by Sports Illustrated. Had a pair of runner-up finishes–at the Glen Campbell-Los Angeles Open (two strokes behind Morgan) and the Doral-Eastern Open (a stroke back of Tom Weiskopf).

  • IVB-Philadelphia Golf Classic: Immediately left Scotland and traveled to Pennsylvania for the IVB-Philadelphia Golf Classic, where he began the tournament with a 66-64 start but still had to battle to hold off Gil Morgan by a stroke at Whitemarsh Valley CC.
  • The Open Championship: At The Open Championship, shook off his disappointment from his loss the previous year to beat Ben Crenshaw, Simon Owen and Tom Kite by two strokes at St. Andrews, his final The Open Championship title and second at St. Andrews.
  • Tournament Players Championship: At the Tournament Players Championship at Sawgrass CC, in windy conditions all week, he shot a 3-over 75 Sunday but hung on to beat Lou Graham by a stroke.
  • Jackie Gleason-Inverrary Classic: First victory of the campaign came in a successful defense of his previous year's Jackie Gleason-Inverrary Classic at the Inverrary G&CC. Fired a final-round 65 to come from off the pace to win the by a stroke over Grier Jones, while making birdies on his final five holes. On the 14th hole, he chipped in from 80 feet. At No. 15, he made a 13-foot putt. On the next hole, the par-3 16th, he missed the green but chipped in from the fringe then sunk a 20-foot putt on No. 17. He rolled in a routine 4-footer on the closing hole for the title. With his 1976 Tournament Players Championship win there, it was three wins in a row at Inverrary.
  • William D. Richardson Award: Received the William D. Richardson Award from the Golf Writers Association of American for his outstanding contributions to golf.

His finest performance of the season may have been in a loss at The Open Championship. In the tournament dubbed "The Duel in the Sun" at Turnberry in Scotland, he battled Tom Watson all week before finally losing by a stroke for his second consecutive runner-up finish in golf's oldest tournament.

  • Ryder Cup Matches: Was 1-2-0 in his three Ryder Cup matches at Royal Lytham and St. Annes at an event that featured only one day each of foursomes, four-ball and singles.
  • PGA Championship: Fired a Sunday, 1-over 73 at Pebble Beach GL to finish solo third at the PGA Championship, a stroke out of the Lanny Wadkins-winning Wadkins-Gene Littler playoff.
  • Pleasant Valley Classic: Lost by a stroke to Raymond Floyd at the Pleasant Valley Classic outside Boston.
  • Memorial Tournament: A year after establishing his Memorial Tournament in Dublin, Ohio, he won by two strokes over Hubert Green at Muirfield Village.
  • MONY Tournament of Champions: Bruce Lietzke took him to a playoff after shooting a Sunday 66 at the MONY Tournament of Champions, but he defeated Lietzke in the overtime session with a birdie on the third playoff hole.
  • Masters Tournament: Had three runner-up finishes, including a Sunday charge at the Masters Tournament. Had a tournament-low 66 Sunday but could only get within two shots of Watson.
  • Jackie Gleason-Inverrary Classic: Coasted to a win at the Jackie Gleason-Inverrary Classic by five strokes over Gary Player, his second consecutive victory at the venue.
  • Australian Open: In search of his third consecutive Australian Open title, he was in contention until he blew up on the final day and shot an 8-over 80 to finish 12 shots behind winner David Graham.

Won the Vardon Trophy as the TOUR's leading money-winner for a second consecutive year, his eighth (and final) money title overall. Was the PGA Player of the Year for a fifth and final time and earned Golf Writers Association of America Player of the Year honors for a second consecutive season, this time sharing the award with Jerry Pate. Had six other top-10 PGA TOUR finishes.

  • World Series of Golf: For the first time, he won the World Series of Golf as an official PGA TOUR event. His four previous wins came when the tournament was a 36-hole affair featuring the major championship winners that season. He blew past runner-up Hale Irwin by four shots to win the $100,000 first-place check, the largest to that point in his career.
  • Canadian Open: Turned in a Sunday 65 at the Essex G&CC at the Canadian Open but was still solo second as he watched Pate come in with a 7-under 63 to win by four shots in Windsor, Ontario.
  • The Open Championship: Finished T2 at The Open Championship with Seve Ballesteros, a distant six shots behind Johnny Miller at Royal Birkdale.
  • Memorial Tournament: Hosted the Memorial Tournament in Dublin, Ohio, at his Muirfield Village GC. Also played in the event and T8.
  • Doral-Eastern Open: Was the runner-up at the Doral-Eastern Open, in T2 position with Mark Hayes, a distant six strokes behind Hubert Green.
  • Tournament Players Championship: Shot a final-round 65 to beat J.C. Snead by three shots at the Tournament Players Championship at Inverarry G&CC. His 7-under score was a tournament record for low final round by a winner until Fred Couples broke it with a 64 in 1996.
  • Australian Open: Successfully defended his Australian Open title in late October in Sydney. With a two-shot lead going into the final round, he birdied three of his first four holes and never looked back, defeating Curtis Strange–who was on something of a working honeymoon after getting married a couple of weeks earlier–by four strokes. As he did a year earlier, he immediately flew to Cairns for a week of marlin fishing off the Great Barrier Reef.

Was a five-time winner, with three of those victories coming in successive starts. Led the money list and was named PGA Player of the Year as well as the inaugural Golf Writers Association of America Player of the Year. Won the Doral-Eastern Open by three strokes over Forrest Fezler and Bert Yancey. Totaled 14 top-10s, including four third-place finishes.

  • Ryder Cyp Matches: Played in the Ryder Cup for the fourth time, going 2-2-1 in his matches at Laurel Valley GC.
  • World Open Golf Championship: Final win of the campaign came in playoff fashion, at the World Open Golf Championship at Pinehurst's No. 2 Course. Beat Billy Casper.
  • PGA Championship: Picked up his second major championship of the season, winning the PGA Championship at Firestone CC's South Course, edging Bruce Crampton by two strokes.
  • Canadian Open: Lone runner-up finish came at the Canadian Open. Battled Weiskopf again, with Weiskopf finally picking up a victory, winning at Royal Montreal GC in a playoff with a birdie on the first extra hole.
  • Masters Tournament: Waged a classic battle against Weiskopf and Johnny Miller at the Masters. Leading by five shots at the halfway mark, he struggled to a 1-over 73 Saturday to enter the final round a stroke behind Weiskopf. His 4-under 68 Sunday was enough to hold off Weiskopf and a hard-charging Miller, who shot a 6-under 66 in the final round but fell a stroke short.
  • Sea Pines Heritage Classic: Playing on a course he co-designed with Pet Dye, Harbour Town GL, he opened 66-63 but stumbled to a third-round 74 to fall into a tie for the lead with Tom Weiskopf. Came back on the final day with a 68 to win by three.
  • Bob Jones Award: Received the Bob Jones Award from the USGA.
  • Australian Open: Won the Australian Open for a fourth time, beating American Bill Brask by three strokes at Sydney's Australian GC. He left immediately after the victory, traveling to Cairns where he went marlin fishing on the Great Barrier Reef.

Highlight of the year came when he was a member of the original class inducted into the World Golf Hall of Fame, at the time located in Pinehurst, N.C. Finished second at the World Open in Pinehurst (lost in a four-man playoff) and at the Colonial National Invitational.

  • Tournament Players Championship: Played in 17 official events and played on the weekend in all of them. Won the inaugural Tournament Players Championship, defeating J.C. Snead by two strokes at Atlanta CC.
  • PGA Championship: Entered the final round of the PGA Championship at Tanglewood CC a stroke behind Lee Trevino. Both players shot 69, giving Trevino the one-stroke win in North Carolina.
  • Hawaiian Open: In his second start of the campaign, rolled to a three-stroke win over Eddie Pearce at the Hawaiian Open.

Won seven tournaments for a second consecutive season, led the money list for a third straight time and was PGA Player of the Year for a second consecutive season. Played in 18 events without missing a cut and had 16 top-10s. First title came at the Bing Crosby National Pro-Am, winning along the Monterey Peninsula for a second consecutive year. Defeated Raymond Floyd and Orville Moody in a playoff. Was in contention in New Orleans for a second straight year, this time with better results. Beat Miller Barber in a playoff at Lakewood CC. After T3 at the Masters, T4 at the U.S. Open and finishing fourth at The Open Championship, he salvaged his major championship season with a four-stroke win over Bruce Crampton at the PGA Championship at Canterbury GC outside Cleveland.

  • Walt Disney World Golf Classic: Won the Walt Disney World Open Invitational for a third straight time, edging Mason Rudolph by a stroke. He was the tournament's only individual winner until 1982 as it went to a team format from 1974-1981. His first-place check of $30,000 made him the first TOUR player to surpass the $2-million mark in career earnings.
  • Ohio Kings Island Open: Earned his sixth and seventh wins in his final two starts of the year, at the Ohio Kings Island Open, where a third-round 62 gave him a nine-stroke cushion going into Sunday. Won by six.
  • Ryder Cup Matches: Played in the Ryder Cup in Scotland at Muirfield. Was 4-1-1 in his five matches during the U.S. victory over Great Britain-Ireland.
  • Atlanta Classic: Took a month off from competition then returned at the Atlanta Classic where he opened 67-66-66 to enjoy a six-stroke bulge. Shot a final-round 73 and still won by two.
  • Tournament of Champions: Won the Tournament of Champions in April by a stroke over Lee Trevino.

Won a personal-best seven tournaments, broke the $300,000 mark in earnings ($316,911) for the first time and won PGA Player of the Year honors for the second time. Entered the final round of the Bing Crosby National Pro-Am a stroke behind Johnny Miller. He shot 73 to Miller's 74 to force a playoff he won when he birdied the first extra hole to Miller's par.

  • Walt Disney World Open Invitational: Closed his season by successfully defending his Walt Disney World Open Invitational title with a commanding nine-stroke win over three players.
  • U.S. Professional Match Play Championship: Won the U.S. Professional Match Play Championship, held simultaneously with the Liggett & Myers Open in North Carolina. Beat Frank Beard, 2 and 1, in the finals at The CC of North Carolina.
  • Westchester Classic: Won the Westchester Classic by three shots over Jim Colbert.
  • The Open Championship: Took a month off then returned to action at The Open Championship, where he dropped a one-shot decision to Trevino at Muirfield in Scotland. Finished his season with five tournaments between August and December, winning three times.
  • U.S. Open Championship: Rebounded at the U.S. Open to defeat Bruce Crampton by three strokes at Pebble Beach.
  • Tournament of Champions: In defense of his Tournament of Champions title, he came up short, losing to Mitchell in a playoff when Mitchell birdied the first extra hole at La Costa Resort and Spa.
  • Greater New Orleans Open: In his next start after T2 at the Greater New Orleans Open, he became the Masters Tournament's third wire-to-wire victory when he was the only player in the field below par. His 2-under 286 was enough to edge Bruce Crampton, Bobby Mitchell and Weiskopf by three strokes.
  • Doral-Eastern Open: Second win of the campaign came at the Doral-Eastern Open, a week after falling a stroke short to winner Tom Weiskopf at the Jackie Gleason Inverrary Classic. At the Doral Resort and Spa, broke free from a third-round tie with Lee Trevino to win by two strokes.

Won five tournaments and led the money list for the third time in his career. Won the first major played that season, capturing the PGA Championship over Billy Casper at PGA National GC. Took a four-stroke lead into the final day, shot a 1-over 73 but still won by two strokes.

  • Walt Disney World Open Invitational: Final win of the campaign came at the inaugural Walt Disney World Open Invitational at the Walt Disney World Resort outside Orlando. Defeated Deane Beman by three strokes.
  • Ryder Cup Matches: Again represented the U.S. at the Ryder Cup at Old Warson CC. Played in six matches and recorded a 5-1 record in the U.S.'s five-point victory.
  • National Team Championship: Won two more times, taking the National Team Championship (with Arnold Palmer as his partner) by six strokes over the team of Bob Charles- Devlin and Julius Boros-Bill Collins.
  • U.S. Open Championship: At the U.S. Open, he dropped a playoff to Lee Trevino at Merion GC, with Trevino shooting a 68 to win by three strokes in the 18-hole overtime session.
  • Atlanta Classic: Lost in a playoff to Gardner Dickinson at the Atlanta Classic. The duo finished tied at 275, with Dickinson winning on the first playoff hole.
  • Byron Nelson Golf Classic: Defeated Frank Beard and Jerry McGee by two strokes at the Byron Nelson Golf Classic.
  • Tournament of Champions: Won the Tournament of Champions in California by eight strokes over Bruce Devlin. Was one of only two players to record a round in the 60s at La Costa CC in Carlsbad, and he did it twice, shooting 69s in the first and third rounds.
  • Masters Tournament: Was T2 at the Masters, finishing two strokes behind Charles Coody. That began a streak where he was either first or second in five consecutive starts.
  • Australian Open: Enjoyed another rout, again at the expense of Crampton at the Australian Open. Shot a 19-under 269 at Royal Hobart GC to beat the Aussie by eight shots.
  • Dunlop International: In November, battled strong winds in the final round of the Dunlop International in Australia, to finish 14-under, seven strokes ahead of Peter Oosterhuis and Bruce Crampton. He set up his victory with a second-round 62 at Manly GC.

Lost by a stroke to Bruce Crampton at the Westchester Classic and was again T2 at the American Golf Classic, falling to Frank Beard by two shots.

  • National Four-Ball Championship: Again joined forces with Palmer to win the National Four-Ball Championship.
  • The Open Championship: Finished regulation tied with Doug Sanders at The Open Championship then prevailed in an 18-hole playoff at St. Andrews' Old Course when Sanders missed a 30-inch putt that would have extended the two players' playoff.
  • Byron Nelson Golf Classic: First of his three wins came at the Byron Nelson Golf Classic. Finished regulation tied with Arnold Palmer at Preston Trail CC and then beat Palmer with a birdie on the first extra hole.
  • Piccadilly World Match Play Championship: At Wentworth Club in England, he won his only Piccadilly World Match Play Championship. In the 36-hole final against Lee Trevino, he took a 3-up lead after 18 holes and then survived a late challenge from Trevino to win 2 and 1.
  • World Series of Golf: Won the unofficial World Series of Golf for a fourth time when he beat Billy Casper and Dave Stockton by three strokes at Firestone CC.

His three wins came at the Andy Williams-San Diego Open, the Sahara Invitational and the Kaiser International. Won at Torrey Pines GC in come-from-behind fashion as third-round leader Gene Littler shot a final-round 76. His 1-over 73 was still enough to pass Littler and win by one.

  • Hawaiian Open: Fell by four strokes to Bruce Crampton to T2 at the Hawaiian Open in November.
  • Kaiser International Open Invitational: Despite a final-round 71 at Silverado CC, he found his way into a playoff that featured Billy Casper, Don January and George Archer. After January was eliminated following the first hole, Nicklaus made birdie to win.
  • Sahara Invitational: Waited eight months for win No. 2, taking the Sahara Invitational in Las Vegas. Was a stroke behind Frank Beard until he shot a final-round 65 to win by four.
  • Ryder Cup Matches: Played in his first Ryder Cup, going 1-2-1 in the U.S. victory at Royal Birkdale GC. Is best-remembered for conceding a putt to Tony Jacklin on the final hole of their singles match, with the players halving their match but the U.S. retaining the cup.

In six of seven starts in the middle of the season, he either won or finished second–including three consecutive runner-up finishes. First win of the season came as he successfully defended his Western Open title. Held a four-stroke lead through 54 holes and eventually won by three shots at Olympia Fields CC.

  • Westchester Classic: Just missed on winning three tournaments in a row, making a strong, final-round push at the Westchester Classic, with a 66, to T2.
  • American Golf Classic: Won again at the American Golf Classic, beating Frank Beard and Lee Elder in a playoff.
  • The Open Championship: At The Open Championship at Carnoustie, he shot back-to-back 73s on the weekend to T2, two strokes behind Gary Player.
  • Canadian Open: He opened with a 73 at St. George's G&CC then shot three consecutive rounds in the 60s but still fell two strokes shy of Canadian Open winner Bob Charles.
  • U.S. Open Championship: Run of close calls began at the U.S. Open. Battled Lee Trevino before Trevino prevailed by four strokes at Oak Hill CC.
  • Australian Open: In late October, came to the 72nd hole at the Australian Open in Perth tied with Player. Both hit the green in regulation. He had an 8-foot birdie putt to Player's 7-footer. He made his and Player didn't, giving him his second Australian Open title.

Again topped the money chart and earned his first PGA Player of the Year Award, thanks to five victories. Opened his year at the Bing Crosby National Pro-Am. Overcame a back-to-back 73-74 performance in the second and third rounds and fired a final-round 68 to defeat Billy Casper by five strokes. His 68 was the only sub-70 round that day and three strokes better than the next-best score. Was also second at the Greater New Orleans Open and the Thunderbird Classic. Was in the World Cup for a fifth consecutive year, finishing undefeated, a perfect 4-0 in the World Cup with Palmer as his partner. The duo rolled to a 13-stroke win over the New Zealand team of Bob Charles and Walter Godfrey at the Mexico GC in Mexico City. He finished second to Palmer in the World Cup individual competition, losing by five strokes.

  • Sahara Invitational: In successfully defending his Sahara Invitational title, he shot a third-round 62 at Paradise Valley CC–including a back-nine 29 where he needed only 13 putts–and edged Steve Spray by one stroke.
  • Westchester Classic: In late August, at the Westchester Classic, he opened a three-stroke lead at Westchester CC, shot a final-round 71 and defeated Dan Sikes by a stroke.
  • American Golf Classic: Came from a four-stroke deficit in the final round of the 36-hole World Series of Golf to clinch his third title in the event featuring that year's major championship winners by making a 28-foot birdie putt on the 16th green. He eventually defeated Gay Brewer by a stroke. The final round was played in heavy winds in Akron, Ohio.
  • Western Open: Third title of the year came at Beverly CC in Chicago. Began the Western Open final round a stroke behind Doug Sanders, but a 69 on the closing day led to a one-stroke win.
  • The Open Championship: Disappointment came at The Open Championship at Royal Liverpool GC. Shot a final-round 69 but still fell two strokes shy of winner Roberto De Vicenzo.
  • U.S. Open Championship: Entered the final round of the U.S. Open at Baltusrol GC a stroke behind amateur Marty Fleckman. Shot a final-round 65 to win going away, beating Arnold Palmer by four strokes.

Won three times in 17 starts and again did not miss a cut. Saw his streak of two consecutive money titles end when he placed second on the earnings chart. Won his third green jacket, capturing the Masters Tournament in playoff fashion. Shot a 70 in the 18-hole playoff, good enough to beat Tommy Jacobs (72) and Gay Brewer (78). Finished a disappointing third at the U.S. Open in San Francisco, but came back in his next start and won the first of three career Open Championship titles, edging Doug Sanders by a stroke at Muirfield. Also had three second-place finishes. Was T2 at the inaugural Florida Citrus Open in March in Orlando and then in solo second in back-to-back starts in August, at the Thunderbird Classic and the Philadelphia Golf Classic.

  • PGA National Team Championship: In his final start of the year, teamed with Palmer to win the unofficial PGA National Team Championship.
  • Sahara Invitational: Final victory of the year came in Las Vegas, at the Sahara Invitational. Recovered from a second-round 77 (the scoring average for those in the top 10 due to high winds was 76.5) to shoot rounds of 68-66 to defeat Miller Barber and Arnold Palmer by three strokes.
  • World Cup: Appeared in the World Cup for a fourth consecutive year. He traveled with teammate Palmer to Tokyo and defeated South Africa (Harold Henning and Gary Player) by five strokes. Finished one shot out of a George Knudson-Hideko Sugimoto playoff for the International Trophy that Knudson won.

Played in 20 tournaments, did not miss a cut and had 17 top-10 performances. Led the money list for a second consecutive season ($140,752) but lost PGA Player of the Year honors to Dave Marr. Won his second Masters Tournament title in convincing fashion, setting an at-the-time, tournament margin-of-victory record with a nine-stroke romp over Arnold Palmer and Gary Player. His winning total of 17-under 271 was a tournament 72-hole record that lasted until 1997, when Tiger Woods shot a 270.

  • Portland Open Invitational: Gained some revenge against Marr when he successfully defended his Portland Open title, defeating Marr by three strokes.
  • PGA Championship: Just missed recording back-to-back Keystone State victories, losing the PGA Championship by two shots to Marr at Laurel Valley CC in Ligonier in a T2 performance.
  • Philadelphia Golf Classic: At the Philadelphia Golf Classic, he shot a final-round 68 to come from behind to beat Joe Campbell and Sanders by a stroke.
  • Thunderbird Classic: Third victory of the campaign came at the Thunderbird Classic. Trailed Player by a stroke entering the final round but shot a 68 to edge Player by two strokes.
  • Canadian Open: Had the first of what would become six career runner-up finishes at the Canadian Open, a tournament he would never win. His final-round 67 at Mississaugua G&CC left him a stroke behind Gene Littler.
  • Memphis Open Invitational: After losing a playoff to Doug Sanders at the Pensacola Open, dropping a three-hole extra session when Sanders made birdie to his par, he was in another playoff, at the Memphis Invitational Open at Colonial CC. Finished regulation tied with Johnny Pott but won the overtime when he made a par on the first extra hole.
  • Jacksonville Open: Was one of a quartet of players who finished T2 to Bert Weaver at the Jacksonville Open. Finished second despite making his first double eagle in competition, at Hyde Park GC.
  • World Cup: Represented the U.S. for a third consecutive year at the World Cup. This time he joined teammate Tony Lema to finish solo third. He also lost the International Trophy by three strokes to Player.

His consistently strong season came in the form of four wins, six runner-up showings–three in major championships–and 13 total top-threes, with 17 top-10s in his 24 starts. Was T2 at the Masters and the PGA Championship and solo second at The Open Championship. Was also second at the Greater New Orleans Open, the Doral Open Invitational and the Houston Classic.

  • Portland Open Invitational: Won his second Portland Open title, shooting weekend rounds of 68-67 to defeat Ken Venturi by three strokes.
  • Whitemarsh Open Invitational: Came from six shots off the lead at the Whitemarsh Open Invitational in July outside Philadelphia, by shooting a final-round 67 to edge Gary Player by one and Arnold Palmer by two.
  • Tournament of Champions: At Desert Inn CC, he held off Doug Sanders and Al Geiberger by two strokes to win the Tournament of Champions.
  • Phoenix Open Invitational: First win of the year was at the Phoenix Open, beating Bob Brue by three strokes at Phoenix CC.
  • Australian Open: Won his first Australian Open. Finished regulation tied with Bruce Devlin at 1-under. In the 18-hole playoff Sunday, he shot a 5-under 67 to Devlin's 70 at the Lakes Course in Sydney.
  • World Cup: Again teamed with Palmer at the World Cup. The duo rolled to an 11-stroke victory over Argentina. He battled Palmer for the International Trophy, eventually prevailing in the individual competition by two strokes when Palmer, who held a six-stroke advantage going into the final round, skied to a 78 at Royal Kaanapali GC in Hawaii.

First of five victories came at the Palm Springs Golf Classic, where he defeated Gary Player in a playoff.


Weiskopf got into golf course design working initially with Jay Morrish, but now has his own established practice. [1] He has at least 40 courses to his credit in many parts of the world, including the Monument and Pinnacle courses at Troon North Golf Club in Scottsdale, Arizona [5] and Loch Lomond, venue of the Scottish Open from 1995 to 2010. [1] A drivable par-4 hole is a common element in most of Weiskopf's designs. Many of the courses have received considerable praise by being ranked highly in lists of top courses around the world. [5]

In January 2016, it was announced that Weiskopf would lead a renovation of the Torrey Pines North Course in San Diego, California. [6]

The following is a (partial) list of courses that Weiskopf either designed alone or co-designed:

  • Troon North Golf Club (Monument and Pinnacle courses), Scottsdale, Arizona , Luss, Argyll & Bute, Scotland
  • Catamount Ranch & Club, Steamboat Springs, Colorado[7]
  • Double Eagle, Galena, Ohio
  • Mira Vista Country Club, Fort Worth, Texas
  • Forest Highlands (Canyon and Meadow courses), Flagstaff, Arizona[8]
  • Lahontan Golf Club, Truckee, California[9] (Ocean and Cliffs courses), San Francisco, California
  • The Ridge at Castle Pines North, Castle Rock, Colorado
  • Shanty Creek Resort – Cedar River, [10]Bellaire, Michigan
  • Quail Hollow Country Club, Concord Township, Ohio
  • Snake River Sporting Club, Jackson, Wyoming , Tuscany, Italy
  • The Rim Golf Club, Payson, Arizona
  • Silverleaf Club, Scottsdale, Arizona
  • Estancia El Terrón Mendiolaza, Córdoba, Argentina

PGA Tour wins (16) Edit

Major championships (1)
Other PGA Tour (15)
No. Date Tournament Winning score Margin of
1 Feb 11, 1968 Andy Williams-San Diego Open Invitational −15 (66-68-71-68=273) 1 stroke Al Geiberger
2 Jul 7, 1968 Buick Open Invitational −8 (73-67-71-69=280) 1 stroke Mike Hill
3 Jun 13, 1971 Kemper Open −11 (66-72-70-69=277) Playoff Dale Douglass, Gary Player,
Lee Trevino
4 Aug 22, 1971 IVB-Philadelphia Golf Classic −14 (67-71-66-70=274) 1 stroke Dave Hill
5 Feb 27, 1972 Jackie Gleason's Inverrary Classic −10 (69-72-69-68=278) 1 stroke Jack Nicklaus
6 May 13, 1973 Colonial National Invitation −4 (69-68-70-69=276) 1 stroke Bruce Crampton, Jerry Heard
7 Jun 3, 1973 Kemper Open (2) −17 (65-70-68-68=271) 3 strokes Lanny Wadkins
8 Jun 10, 1973 IVB-Philadelphia Golf Classic (2) −14 (67-71-65-71=274) 4 strokes Jim Barber
9 Jul 14, 1973 The Open Championship −12 (68-67-71-70=276) 3 strokes Neil Coles, Johnny Miller
10 Jul 29, 1973 Canadian Open −10 (67-73-68-70=278) 2 strokes Forrest Fezler
11 Apr 6, 1975 Greater Greensboro Open −9 (64-71-72-68=275) 3 strokes Al Geiberger
12 Jul 27, 1975 Canadian Open (2) −6 (65-74-68-67=274) Playoff Jack Nicklaus
13 Jun 5, 1977 Kemper Open (3) −11 (67-71-69-70=277) 2 strokes George Burns, Bill Rogers
14 Mar 12, 1978 Doral-Eastern Open −16 (67-70-67-68=272) 1 stroke Jack Nicklaus
15 Sep 20, 1981 LaJet Classic −10 (73-67-70-68=278) 2 strokes Gil Morgan
16 Jul 4, 1982 Western Open −12 (69-67-70-70=276) 1 stroke Larry Nelson

PGA Tour playoff record (2–3)

No. Year Tournament Opponent(s) Result
1 1966 Greater Greensboro Open Doug Sanders Lost to par on second extra hole
2 1969 Greater Greensboro Open Julius Boros, Gene Littler
Orville Moody
Littler won with birdie on fifth extra hole
Weiskopf eliminated with par on first hole
3 1971 Kemper Open Dale Douglass, Gary Player,
Lee Trevino
Won with birdie on first extra hole
4 1975 Canadian Open Jack Nicklaus Won with birdie on first extra hole
5 1979 Southern Open Ed Fiori Lost to birdie on second extra hole

European Tour wins (2) Edit

Major championships (1)
Other European Tour (1)
No. Date Tournament Winning score Margin of
1 Jul 14, 1973 The Open Championship −12 (68-67-71-70=276) 3 strokes Neil Coles, Johnny Miller
2 Aug 23, 1981 Benson & Hedges International Open −16 (66-69-68-69=272) 1 stroke Eamonn Darcy, Bernhard Langer

Sunshine Tour wins (1) Edit

South American Golf Circuit wins (1) Edit

Other wins (5) Edit

  • 1965 Ohio Open
  • 1972 Piccadilly World Match Play Championship (England, unofficial event)
  • 1973 World Series of Golf (not yet a PGA Tour event)
  • 1982 Jerry Ford Invitational
  • 1993 Chrysler Cup

Senior PGA Tour wins (4) Edit

Senior major championships (1)
Other Senior PGA Tour (3)
No. Date Tournament Winning score Margin of
1 Aug 28, 1994 Franklin Quest Championship −12 (68-67-69=204) Playoff Dave Stockton
2 Jul 2, 1995 U.S. Senior Open −13 (69-69-69-68=275) 4 strokes Jack Nicklaus
3 Mar 31, 1996 SBC Dominion Seniors −9 (69-69-69=207) 2 strokes Bob Dickson, Graham Marsh,
Gary Player
4 Jun 9, 1996 Pittsburgh Senior Classic −11 (68-67-70=205) 3 strokes Brian Barnes, J. C. Snead

Senior PGA Tour playoff record (1–0)

No. Year Tournament Opponent Result
1 1994 Franklin Quest Championship Dave Stockton Won with birdie on first extra hole

Wins (1) Edit

Year Championship 54 holes Winning score Margin Runners-up
1973 The Open Championship 1 shot lead −12 (68-67-71-70=276) 3 strokes Neil Coles Johnny Miller

Results timeline Edit

Tournament 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969
Masters Tournament T16 T2
U.S. Open T40 15 T24 T22
The Open Championship
PGA Championship T72 CUT T44
Tournament 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979
Masters Tournament T23 T6 T2 T34 T2 T2 T9 T14 T11 T41
U.S. Open T30 CUT 8 3 T15 T29 T2 3 T4 T4
The Open Championship T22 T40 T7 1 T7 15 T17 T22 T17 CUT
PGA Championship CUT T22 T62 T6 WD 3 T8 T58 T4 CUT
Tournament 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Masters Tournament CUT T10 T20 T35
U.S. Open 37 T39 T24
The Open Championship T16 CUT T45 CUT
PGA Championship T10 T27 CUT T30 CUT
Tournament 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Masters Tournament
U.S. Open CUT
The Open Championship CUT T101 CUT CUT
PGA Championship
Tournament 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Masters Tournament
U.S. Open
The Open Championship CUT
PGA Championship

CUT = missed the halfway cut (3rd round cut in 1982 Open Championship)
WD = withdrew
"T" indicates a tie for a place.

Nicklaus' Wins on the PGA Tour (73)

Nicklaus' career wins on the PGA Tour are listed here chronologically, in the order in which they were achieved.

U.S. Open
Seattle World's Fair Open Invitational
Portland Open Invitational

Palm Springs Golf Classic
The Masters
Tournament of Champions
PGA Championship
Sahara Invitational

Phoenix Open Invitational
Tournament of Champions
Whitemarsh Open Invitational
Portland Open Invitational

The Masters
Memphis Open Invitational
Thunderbird Classic
Philadelphia Golf Classic
Portland Open Invitational

The Masters
British Open
Sahara Invitational

Bing Crosby National Pro-Am
U.S. Open
Western Open
Westchester Classic
Sahara Invitational

Western Open
American Golf Classic

Andy Williams-San Diego Open Invitational
Sahara Invitational
Kaiser International Open Invitational

Byron Nelson Golf Classic
British Open
National Four-Ball Championship (with Arnold Palmer)

PGA Championship
Tournament of Champions
Byron Nelson Golf Classic
National Team Championship (with Arnold Palmer)
Walt Disney World Open Invitational

Bing Crosby National Pro-Am
Doral-Eastern Open
The Masters
U.S. Open
Westchester Classic
U.S. Professional Match Play Championship
Walt Disney World Open Invitational

Bing Crosby National Pro-Am
Greater New Orleans Open
Tournament of Champions
Atlanta Classic
PGA Championship
Ohio Kings Island Open
Walt Disney World Golf Classic

Hawaiian Open
Tournament Players Championship

Doral-Eastern Open
Sea Pines Heritage Classic
The Masters
PGA Championship
World Open Golf Championship

Tournament Players Championship
World Series of Golf

Jackie Gleason-Inverrary Classic
MONY Tournament of Champions
Memorial Tournament

Jackie Gleason-Inverrary Classic
Tournament Players Championship
British Open
IVB Philadelphia Golf Classic

U.S. Open
PGA Championship

Colonial National Invitation

Memorial Tournament

The Masters

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