Phoenix IV AG-172 - History

Phoenix IV AG-172 - History


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Phoenix IV

(AG-172: dp. 15,199 (f.), 1. 455'3", b. 62', dr. 28'5", s. 17 k
cpl. 50; a. none; cl. Phoeni~; T. VC2~AP3)

Phoenix was laid down under Maritime Commission contraet as Capital Victory (MCV-183) 27 February 1945 by Oregon Shipbuilding Corp., Portland, Oreg., Iaunehed 10 April 1945; sponsored by Mrs. Chester R. Kinmon and delivered 8 May 1945.

Renamed Arizona in 1948, the cargo ship was renamed Phoeni~ for Navy use 20 November 1962 and elassified AG 172 the same day; acquired by the Navy from the Maritime Administration 25 November 1962, assigned to M.S.T.S. and manned by a civil service crew in July 1963. The special project ship, with Cheyenne (AG-174) and Provo (AG-173) was stationed in Subic Bay, Philippines as forward floating depots. The utility of such depots was demonstrated in 1964 by the excellent performance of these ships in operation "Quick Release."

In 1965 Phoenix began general cargo operation under Commander, M.S.T.S. in the Far East and with a Korean crew continued this duty until- 1970.

A former name retained.


Phoenix IV AG-172 - History


Posing with Phoenix IV moments after completing it

Leonard co-hosted a panel with The Immortal John Hancock on the second day of the expo.

Copies of Leonard’s book were available in the vendor hall, so I bought one for him to sign. On the dedication page (“This book is dedicated to my friend & mentor Ralph H. Baer”), he wrote:

In my recap of the expo, I noted that I would read Phoenix IV from cover to cover, no matter how long it took. I kept my word. It took 31 days to read the blurbs, forewords, introduction, 43 chapters, four appendices, endnotes, and the About the Author page. In all, I read 781 pages between August 12, the day after the expo, through Tuesday. My copy was the black and white paperback edition. The color hardcover edition is slightly longer in duration with more illustrations.

The “IV” in Phoenix IV indicates that it is the fourth edition of a book Leonard first released in 1994. The original title was Phoenix: The Fall & Rise of Home Videogames.

Phoenix IV is a treasure trove of information, spanning from 1951 to 2015 (with the endnotes extending into 2016). Leonard introduced facts and figures that I’d never known about while also providing a trip down memory lane. I recalled my experience with certain games and consoles, and where I was in my life when they launched. I learned more about certain events in video game history, as well as video game consoles and accessories, including lesser-known consoles like the Coleco Adam. I found out that the Atari 2600 was first called the VCS (Video Computer System) and didn’t take its numeric name until the 5200 was released years later. I got used to the initials SCE to describe Sony Computer Entertainment when the various PlayStation consoles were referenced. I was educated on the yen-to-dollar ratio in a given year for Japanese console, game, and accessory prices.

There’s so much more to learn about when you read Phoenix IV. My only complaint is it has occasional typos and formatting errors, but if that’s my only complaint, then you know it’s a great book. It’ll take a while to read, but it’s a journey worth taking.


Phoenix IV AG-172 - History

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Phoenix IV: The History of the Videogame Industry

828 pages | first published 2016

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Phoenix IV: The History of the Videogame Industry

Phoenix IV: The History of the Videogame Industry

828 pages | first published 2016

The StoryGraph is an affiliate of the featured links. We earn commission on any purchases made.

The StoryGraph is an affiliate of the featured links. We earn commission on any purchases made.

Description

Personalised similar books With our personalised similar books feature, you can browse similar books that take into account your unique reading tastes.

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Phoenix IV: The History of the Videogame Industry

Herman, "The Game Scholar", fell in love with videogames the first time he played Pong at a local bowling alley in 1972. He began collecting videogames in 1979 after he purchased his first Atari VCS and then began writing his first book on videogames: ABC To The VCS, which wouldn&apost be published until 1996. A programmer and technical writer by trade, Mr. Herman founded Rolenta Press in 1994 to publ Herman, "The Game Scholar", fell in love with videogames the first time he played Pong at a local bowling alley in 1972. He began collecting videogames in 1979 after he purchased his first Atari VCS and then began writing his first book on videogames: ABC To The VCS, which wouldn't be published until 1996. A programmer and technical writer by trade, Mr. Herman founded Rolenta Press in 1994 to publish his book, Phoenix: The Fall & Rise of Videogames, the first serious book on videogame history. In 2008, Game Informer named Phoenix the #2 book on videogames in all time. The title has been referred as the "Bible of the videogame industry".

Mr. Herman has written videogame-related articles for Electronic Gaming Monthly, Videogaming Illustrated, Official US Playstation, Games, Edge, Pocket Games, Classic Gamer Magazine, Manci Games, Video Game Collector, and Gamespot, as well as editing Video Game Trader magazine. . more


AIRCRAFT AND PLANES FOR SALE

When serious buyers and sellers of planes look for a marketplace they trust, they choose Globalair.com as their first choice. There are several choices of “Aircraft for Sale” websites but there is only one that brings the real market to the end user, Globalair.com. Other sites allow airplanes to be shown that are no longer on the market to increase the number of planes on their site. On this website only current or deal pending airplanes are presented to our viewers. Using our copyrighted website to display airplanes from the traditional trainer aircraft the Cessna 172, the late model Cirrus SR22, the elegant Falcon 8X and the long range Gulfstream G650ER private jet we bring you REAL planes that are REALLY for sale.

All come with current marketplace specifications and most airplanes have prices. We bring you more information and tools than any other aviation platform. Compare airplane prices, avionics, engines, interiors. Check ownership for the USA and Canada. View images in large formats, easy page navigation, current news for particular aircraft type, and currency converter! The planes for sale on this site bring you informed information to help the you the aircraft buyer make complicated decisions into an easy to read format or downloadable for presentations. The end result is the ability for private owners, OEMs, Airplane Dealers and Brokerage firms to market their helicopters and aeronave on our site.


Piper PA-28R Arrow Series

The Piper Arrow is a member of the Piper Cherokee family of light aircraft designed for air taxi, fliaght training, and personal use and is built by Piper Aircraft. The Arrows are all-metal, unpressurized, single-engine, piston-powered airplanes with low-mounted wings and propeller, retractable landing gear, and was powered by a 180 hp engine. When the Arrow was introduced, Piper removed the Piper Cherokee 150 and Piper Cherokee 140/160 from production. In 1972 the Arrow II came out with a five-inch fuselage stretch to increase legroom for the rear seat passengers. The Arrow III was introduced in 1977 and featured a semi-tapered wing, longer stabilator, and larger fuel tanks. The first turbocharged Piper Arrow was also introduced in 1977. When the Arrow IV was released in 1979, the aircraft featured a "T" tail that resembled the other aircraft in the Piper line at the time.

The capacity of the Piper Arrow is one crew member and three passengers. Variant models of the Arrow include the PA-28R-180 Piper Arrow model, PA-28R-200 Arrow, PA-28R-200 Piper Arrow II, PA-28R-201 Piper Arrow III, PA-28R-201T Piper Turbo Arrow III, PA-28RT-201 Piper Arrow IV, and PA-28RT-201T Piper Turbo Arrow IV. All variants of the Piper Arrow have retractable landing gear.

The PA-28R-180 Arrow has a Lycoming IO-360-B1E engine of 180 hp and a gross weight of 2500 lb (1134 kg). The PA-28R-200 Arrow has a Lycoming IO-360-C1C engine of 200 hp and a gross weight of 2600 lb (1179 kg). PA-28R-200 Arrow II has a Lycoming IO-360C1C or C1C6 engine of 200 hp and a gross weight of 2650 lb. Changes from the PA-28-200 Arrow include a five inch fuselage extension, increased wing span, and larger horizontal tail. The PA-28R-201 Arrow III has a Lycoming IO-360-C1C6 engine of 200 hp and a gross weight of 2750 lb (1247 kg). The PA-28R-201T Turbo Arrow III has a turbocharged Continental TSIO-360-F or TSIO-360-FB engine of 200 hp and a gross weight of 2900 lb (1315 kg). The PA-28RT-201 Arrow IV has a Lycoming IO-360-C1C6 engine of 200 hp and gross weight of 2750 lb (1247 kg). The PA-28RT-201T Turbo Arrow IV has a turbocharged Continental TSIO-360-FB engine of 200 hp and gross weight of 2900 lb.

To view the various models currently available, please check out our Piper aircraft for sale for descriptions and photos or PLACE A LISTING of your aircraft for sale.


The grep command consists of three parts in its most basic form. The first part starts with grep , followed by the pattern that you are searching for. After the string comes the file name that the grep searches through.

The simplest grep command syntax looks like this:

The command can contain many options, pattern variations, and file names. Combine as many options as necessary to get the results you need. Below are the most common grep commands with examples.

Note: Grep is case-sensitive. Make sure to use the correct case when running grep commands.

To Search a File

To print any line from a file that contains a specific pattern of characters, in our case phoenix in the file sample2 , run the command:

Grep will display every line where there is a match for the word phoenix . When executing this command, you do not get exact matches. Instead, the terminal prints the lines with words containing the string of characters you entered. Here is an example:

Tip: If your search pattern includes characters other than alphanumeric, use quotation marks. This includes blank spaces or any symbol.

To Search Multiple Files

To search multiple files with the grep command, insert the filenames you want to search, separated with a space character.

In our case, the grep command to match the word phoenix in three files sample , sample2 , and sample3 looks like this example:

The terminal prints the name of every file that contains the matching lines, and the actual lines that include the required string of characters.

You can append as many filenames as needed. The terminal prints a new line with the filename for every match it finds in the listed files.

Tip: Refer to our article Xargs Commands to learn how to use xargs with grep to search for a string in the list of files.

Search All Files in Directory

To search all files in the current directory, use an asterisk instead of a filename at the end of a grep command.

In this example, we use nixas a search criterion:

The output shows the name of the file with nix and returns the entire line.

To Find Whole Words Only

Grep allows you to find and print the results for whole words only. To search for the word phoenix in all files in the current directory, append –wto the grep command.

This option only prints the lines with whole-word matches and the names of the files it found them in:

When –w is omitted, grep displays the search pattern even if it is a substring of another word.

If you would like to search for multiple strings and word patterns, check out our article on how to grep for multiple strings, patterns or words.

To Ignore Case in Grep Searches

As grep commands are case sensitive, one of the most useful operators for grep searches is -i. Instead of printing lowercase results only, the terminal displays both uppercase and lowercase results. The output includes lines with mixed case entries.

An example of this command:

If we use the -i operator to search files in the current directory for phoenix , the output looks like this:

To Search Subdirectories

To include all subdirectories in a search, add the -r operator to the grep command.

This command prints the matches for all files in the current directory, subdirectories, and the exact path with the filename. In the example below, we also added the -w operator to show whole words, but the output form is the same.

Inverse grep Search

You can use grep to print all lines that do not match a specific pattern of characters. To invert the search, append -v to a grep command.

To exclude all lines that contain phoenix , enter:

The terminal prints all lines that do not contain the word used as a search criterion. Use -i to ignore case to exclude completely the word used for this search:

To Show Lines That Exactly Match a Search String

The grep command prints entire lines when it finds a match in a file. To print only those lines that completely match the search string, add the -x option.

The output shows only the lines with the exact match. If there are any other words or characters in the same line, the grep does not include it in the search results. Do not forget to use quotation marks whenever there is a space or a symbol in a search pattern.

Here is a comparison of the results without and with the -x operator in our grep command:

To List Names of Matching Files

Sometimes, you only need to see the names of the files that contain a word or string of characters and exclude the actual lines. To print only the filenames that match your search, use the -l operator:

The output shows the exact filenames that contain phoenix in the current directory but does not print the lines with the corresponding word:

As a reminder, use the recursive search operator -r to include all subdirectories in your search.

To Count the Number of Matches

Grep can display the filenames and the count of lines where it finds a match for your word.

Use the -c operator to count the number of matches:

To Display the Number of Lines Before or After a Search String

Sometimes you need more content in search results to decide what is most relevant.

Use the following operators to add the desired lines before, after a match, or both:

  • Use –Aand a number of lines to display after a match: grep –A 3 phoenix sample – this command prints three lines after the match.
  • Use –Band a number of lines to display before a match: grep –B 2 phoenix sample – this command prints two lines before the match.
  • Use –Cand a number of lines to display before and after the match: grep –C 2 phoenix sample – this command prints two lines before and after the match.

To Display Line Numbers with grep Matches

When grep prints results with many matches, it comes handy to see the line numbers. Append the -noperator to any grep command to show the line numbers.

We will search for Phoenix in the current directory, show two lines before and after the matches along with their line numbers.

Limit grep Output to a Fixed Number of Lines

Individual files, such as log files, can contain many matches for grep search patterns. Limit the number of lines in the grep output by adding the -moption and a number to the command.

In this case, the terminal prints the first two matches it finds in the sample file.

If you do not specify a file and search all files in a directory, the output prints the first two results from every file along with the filename that contains the matches.

Now you know how to use the grep command in Linux/Unix.

The grep command is highly flexible with many useful operators and options. By combining grep commands, you can get powerful results and find the text hiding in thousands of files.


Management of Persons Who Have a History of Penicillin Allergy

No proven alternatives to penicillin are available for treating neurosyphilis, congenital syphilis, or syphilis in pregnant women. Penicillin also is recommended, whenever possible, for persons with HIV infection. The prevalence of reported penicillin allergy in the United States is about 8%&ndash10% (451-453) and might be higher in hospitalized persons (454). The prevalence of reported penicillin allergy in developing countries is unknown however, limited data suggest that penicillin is one of the most frequently reported allergies in some developing countries (455,456). Of persons reporting penicillin allergy, 10%&ndash15% have a positive skin test suggestive of a penicillin allergy these persons are at risk for an immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated allergic response to penicillin such as urticaria, angioedema, or anaphylaxis (i.e., upper airway obstruction, bronchospasm, or hypotension) (428-430,457,458). Re-administration of penicillin to patients with a history of IgE-mediated hypersensitivity reactions can cause severe, immediate reactions. Because anaphylactic reactions to penicillin can be fatal, every effort should be made to avoid administering penicillin to penicillin-allergic persons, unless they undergo induction of drug tolerance (also referred to as &ldquodesensitization&rdquo) to temporarily eliminate IgE-mediated hypersensitivity. However, many persons with a reported history of penicillin allergy likely have had other types of adverse drug reactions or have lost their sensitivity to penicillin over time and can safely be treated with penicillin.

Penicillin skin testing with the major and minor determinants of penicillin can reliably identify persons at high risk for IgE-mediated reactions to penicillin (458,459). Although the testing reagents are easily generated, only the major determinant (benzylpenicilloyl poly-L-lysine [Pre-Pen]) and penicillin G have been available commercially. These two tests identify an estimated 90%&ndash99% of the allergic patients. However, because skin testing without the minor determinants would still fail to identify 1%&ndash10% of allergic persons and because serious or fatal reactions can occur among these minor-determinant&ndashpositive persons, caution should be exercised when the full battery of skin-test reagents is not available (Box 2) (457-460). Manufacturers are working on a minor determinant mixture, but at the time of publication, no such product has been cleared by FDA for use in the United States. Penicillin skin testing has been used in a variety of settings to improve antibiotic use (453,461-463).

Some studies have reported cross-reactivity rates as high as 10% among persons with a history of penicillin allergy who take cephalosporins. However, more recent studies indicate a lower rate (<2.5%) of cross reactivity between these drugs (428-431,464). Risk is highest with first-generation cephalosporins and cephalosporins that have similar R-group side chains to specific penicillins (465,466). The risk for penicillin cross-reactivity between most second-generation (cefoxitin) and all third generation cephalosporins (cefixime and ceftriaxone) is negligible (428-431) cefoxitin, cefixime, and ceftriaxone do not have an R group side chain similar to penicillin G.

Recommendations

Persons with a history of severe non-IgE-mediated reactions (e.g., Stevens-Johnson syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis, interstitial nephritis, and hemolytic anemia) are not candidates for skin testing or challenge and should avoid penicillins indefinitely. If the full battery of skin-test reagents is available, including both major and minor determinants (see Penicillin Allergy Skin Testing), persons who report a history of penicillin reaction and who are skin-test negative can receive conventional penicillin therapy. Persons with positive skin test results should be desensitized before initiating treatment.

BOX 2. Skin-test reagents for identifying persons at risk for adverse reactions to penicillin

Major Determinant
Minor Determinant Precursors*
  • Benzylpenicillin G (10&ndash2M, 3.3 mg/mL, 10,000 units/mL)
  • Benzylpenicilloate (10&ndash2M, 3.3 mg/mL)
  • Benzylpenicilloate (or penicilloyl propylamine) (10&ndash2M, 3.3 mg/mL)
Positive Control
Negative Control

_____________________________

Source: Adapted from Saxon A, Beall GN, Rohr AS, Adelman DC. Immediate hypersensitivity reactions to beta-lactam antibiotics. Ann Intern Med 1987107:204&ndash15.

* Aged penicillin is not an adequate source of minor determinants. Penicillin G should either be freshly prepared or come from a fresh-frozen source.

If the full battery of skin-test reagents, including the minor determinants, is not available, skin testing should be conducted using the major determinant (Pre-Pen) and penicillin G. Those persons who have positive test results should be desensitized. For persons with negative skin tests, a subsequent observed challenge to the penicillin of choice is recommended. In addition, for persons with a history of severe or recent suspected IgE-mediated reactions to penicillin with negative skin testing, the penicillin of choice should be given by graded challenge. If the major determinant is not available for skin testing, all persons with a history suggesting IgE-mediated reactions to penicillin (e.g., anaphylaxis, angioedema, bronchospasm, or urticaria) should be desensitized in a hospital setting. In persons with reactions not likely to be IgE-mediated, outpatient-monitored graded challenges can be considered.

Penicillin Allergy Skin Testing

Persons at high risk for anaphylaxis, including those who 1) have a history of penicillin-related anaphylaxis or other IgE-mediated reactions, asthma, or other diseases that would make anaphylaxis more dangerous or 2) are being treated with beta-adrenergic blocking agents should be tested with 100-fold dilutions of the full-strength skin-test reagents before being tested with full-strength reagents. In these situations, testing should be performed in a monitored setting in which treatment for an anaphylactic reaction is available. If possible, antihistamines (e.g., chlorpheniramine maleate, fexofenadine, diphenhydramine HCL, and hydroxyzine) should not have been taken within the 5 days before skin testing.

Procedures

Dilute the antigens in saline either 100-fold for preliminary testing (if the patient has had a IgE- mediated reaction to penicillin) or 10-fold (if the patient has had another type of immediate, generalized reaction to penicillin within the preceding year). Pre-Pen is provided full-strength (6 x 10&ndash5 meq penicilloyl) in a single dose ampoule. Penicillin G is diluted to 10,000 IU/ml in saline and aliquoted in sterile vials that remain stable for at least 6 months if frozen.

Epicutaneous (Prick) Tests

Duplicate drops of skin-test reagent are placed on the volar surface of the forearm. The underlying epidermis is pierced with a 26-gauge needle without drawing blood. An epicutaneous test is positive if the average wheal diameter after 15 minutes is &ge4 mm larger than that of negative controls otherwise, the test is negative. The histamine controls should be positive to ensure that results are not falsely negative because of the effect of antihistaminic drugs.

Intradermal Test

If epicutaneous tests are negative, duplicate 0.02-mL intradermal injections of negative control and antigen solutions are made into the volar surface of the forearm by using a 26- or 27-gauge needle on a syringe. The margins of the wheals induced by the injections should be marked with a ball point pen. An intradermal test is positive if the average wheal diameter 15 minutes after injection is >2 mm larger than the initial wheal size and also is >2 mm larger than the histamine controls. Otherwise, the tests are negative. If the duplicates are discordant, a second set of duplicate tests can be used to resolve the ambiguity.

Desensitization

Persons who have a positive skin test to one of the penicillin determinants can be desensitized (Table 1). This is a straightforward, relatively safe procedure that can be performed orally or intravenously. Modified protocols might be considered based on an individual&rsquos symptoms, drug of choice, and route of administration (467-469). Although the two approaches have not been compared, oral desensitization is regarded as safer and easier to perform. Desensitization should occur in a hospital setting because serious IgE-mediated allergic reactions can occur the procedure can usually be completed in approximately 4&ndash12 hours, after which time the first dose of penicillin is administered. After desensitization, penicillin should be maintained continuously for the duration of the course of therapy. Once the course is completed, if penicillin is required in the future, the desensitization procedure should be repeated.

TABLE 1. Oral desensitization protocol for persons with a positive skin test*

Penicillin V suspension dose &dagger Amount § (units/mL) mL Units Cumulative dose (units)
1 1,000 0.1 100 100
2 1,000 0.2 200 300
3 1,000 0.4 400 700
4 1,000 0.8 800 1,500
5 1,000 1.6 1,600 3,100
6 1,000 3.2 3,200 6,300
7 1,000 6.4 6,400 12,700
8 10,000 1.2 12,000 24,700
9 10,000 2.4 24,000 48,700
10 10,000 4.8 48,000 96,700
11 80,000 1.0 80,000 176,700
12 80,000 2.0 160,000 336,700
13 80,000 4.0 320,000 656,700
14 80,000 8.0 640,000 1,296,700

Source: Wendel GO, Jr, Stark BJ, Jamison RB, Melina RD, Sullivan TJ. Penicillin allergy and desensitization in serious infections during pregnancy. N Engl J Med 1985312:1229&ndash32.

*Note: Observation period was 30 minutes before parenteral administration of penicillin.

&dagger Interval between doses, 15&ndash30 minutes elapsed time, 4&ndash8 hours cumulative dose, 1.3 million units.

§ The specific amount of drug was diluted in approximately 30 mL of water and then administered orally.


Глобальная платформа для ваших кампаний

20 апреля 2020 года на официальном сайте ФГБУ НМИЦ онкологии им. Н. Н. Петрова Минздрава России была опубликована информация, что
Губернатор Санкт-Петербурга Беглов А. Д. хочет перепрофилировать НМИЦ онкологии им. Н. Н. Петрова в больницу для лечения пациентов с COVID-19

Центр Н. Н. Петрова один из последних открытых для приема и лечения пациентов всех видов и стадий онкологических заболеваний со всей России и стран СНГ. Ежемесячно в центре проходят лечение более 1200 человек, в том числе пожилые и дети.

Нас, пациентов, в мае 2020 года хотят выкинуть на улицу без продолжения лечения. В регионах соответсвующее высокотехнологичное лечение получить невозможно. А прерывание лечения по протоколам, утвержденным Минздравом РФ, угрожает жизни и здоровью.

В связи с этим мы просим вас поддержать петицию не перепрофилировать центр Н. Н. Петрова в больницу для лечения пациентов с коронавирусной инфекцией.

С госинспектора, защищавшего заповедник от браконьеров, сняли обвинения

Ветеран Зинаида Антоновна Корнеева получила награду от президента за вклад в благотворительность

Сбербанк адаптировал свой онлайн сервис для незрячих людей

Природный заказник "Воробьевы горы" спасен от коммерческой застройки


Contents

Since moving to Arizona from St. Louis in 1988, the Cardinals had played at Sun Devil Stadium on the campus of Arizona State University in Tempe. The Cardinals planned to play there for only a few years, until a new stadium could be built in Phoenix. However, the savings and loan crisis derailed funding for a new stadium during the 1990s. Over time, the Cardinals expressed frustration at being merely tenants in a college football stadium. The lack of having their own stadium denied them additional revenue streams available to other NFL teams. The Cardinals campaigned several times in the years prior to its construction for a new and more modern facility.

The ceremonial groundbreaking for the new stadium in 2003 was held on April 12, and after three years of construction, the 63,400-seat venue opened on August 1, 2006. It was designed by Eisenman Architects and HOK Sport (now Populous). [13] The stadium is considered an architectural icon for the region and was named by Business Week as one of the ten “most impressive” sports facilities on the globe due to the combination of its retractable roof (engineering design by Walter P Moore) and roll-in natural grass field, [14] similar to the GelreDome and the Veltins-Arena. [15]

LED video and ribbon displays from Daktronics in Brookings, South Dakota were installed in 2006 prior to Arizona's first game of the season at the new stadium. [16]

The cost of the project was $455 million, which included $395.4 million for the stadium, $41.7 million for site improvements, and $17.8 million for the land. Contributors to the stadium included the Arizona Sports and Tourism Authority ($302.3 million), the Arizona Cardinals ($143.2 million), and the City of Glendale ($9.5 million).

The stadium has 88 luxury suites — called luxury lofts — with space for 16 future suites as the stadium matures.

The 25 acres (10 ha) surrounding the stadium is called Sportsman's Park. Included within the Park is an 8-acre (3.2 ha) landscaped tailgating area called the Great Lawn. The approximate elevation at field level is 1,070 feet (330 m) above sea level.

There are no obstructed view seats in the stadium. There are visible areas in the upper deck of the end zone where seats could have been put in but were not due to the giant super columns supporting the roof structure. [ citation needed ]

The stadium seating capacity can be expanded by 8,800 for "mega-events" such as college bowls, NFL Super Bowls, the NFC Championship Game, and the Final Four [17] by adding risers and ganged, portable "X-frame" folding seats. The end zone area on the side of the facility where the field tray rolls in and out of the facility can be expanded to accommodate the additional seats.

The roof is made out of translucent Birdair fabric and opens in 12 minutes. It is the first retractable roof ever built on an incline.

Events held at the stadium include Arizona Cardinals home games public grand opening tours held August 19 and 20, 2006 (attended by 120,000 people) various shows, expositions, tradeshows and motor sport events the AIA 4A and 5A state championship games for football and international soccer exhibition matches.

The multipurpose nature of the facility has allowed it to host 91 events representing 110 event days between the dates of August 4, 2006 through the BCS National Championship January 8, 2007.

NFL Edit

The first preseason football game was played August 12, 2006 when the Cardinals defeated the Pittsburgh Steelers, 21–13. The first regular season game was played September 10 against the San Francisco 49ers (the Cardinals won 34–27). The stadium's air-conditioning system made it possible for the Cardinals to play at home on the opening weekend of the NFL season for the first time since moving to Arizona in 1988.

On October 16, 2006, the stadium hosted a notable game between the Cardinals and the undefeated Chicago Bears where the Bears came back from a 20-point deficit to defeat the Cardinals. The Bears would later go on to play in Super Bowl XLI.

University of Phoenix Stadium hosted Super Bowl XLII on February 3, 2008 in which the New York Giants defeated the previously undefeated New England Patriots 17–14 with a paid attendance crowd of 71,101. This was the second time the Phoenix area hosted a Super Bowl, the other being Super Bowl XXX held in nearby Tempe at Sun Devil Stadium in 1996 when the Dallas Cowboys defeated the Pittsburgh Steelers 27–17.

The Cardinals' first home playoff game since 1947 took place at the stadium on January 3, 2009, with Arizona beating the Atlanta Falcons, 30–24 in overtime. The stadium also hosted the 2008-09 NFC Championship Game between the Cardinals and Philadelphia Eagles on January 18, 2009, which the Cardinals won 32–25 in front of over 70,000 fans in attendance and advanced to Super Bowl XLIII.

The 2015 Pro Bowl was the first Pro Bowl to be held at the same location as the same year's Super Bowl since 2010. The Pro Bowl returned to Hawaii in 2016. [18] On February 1, 2015, the New England Patriots defeated the Seattle Seahawks 28–24 in Super Bowl XLIX held at the stadium.

On November 30, 2020, it was announced that because of Santa Clara County's new COVID-19 rules barring contact sports, the 49ers could not play at their home Levi's Stadium the 49ers were subsequently forced to play their final three home games against the Buffalo Bills, the Washington Football Team, and the Seattle Seahawks at State Farm Stadium. Including the road game against the Cardinals, the 49ers played four straight games at State Farm Stadium to end the season.

College football Edit

The stadium was the venue for the Fiesta Bowl on January 1, 2007 featuring the Boise State Broncos vs. the University of Oklahoma Sooners (Boise State won 43–42 in overtime) and the BCS National Championship on January 8, 2007 between the (1) Ohio State Buckeyes and the (2) University of Florida Gators, which the Gators won 41–14.

It also hosted the 2008 Fiesta Bowl between the Oklahoma Sooners and the West Virginia University Mountaineers, as well as the 2009 Fiesta Bowl between the Texas Longhorns and the Ohio State Buckeyes. It has also held many high school graduations.

On January 10, 2011, the 2011 BCS National Championship Game between the Auburn Tigers and the Oregon Ducks had an attendance record setting 78,603 on hand for the game.

On January 11, 2016, University of Phoenix Stadium hosted the College Football Playoff National Championship Game featuring No. 2 ranked Alabama Crimson Tide and No. 1 ranked Clemson Tigers.

College basketball Edit

Before 2018, the venue was known as University of Phoenix Stadium. It hosted the Final Four, the semifinals and championship game of the NCAA Division I Men's Basketball Tournament, in 2017, and will do so again in 2024.

Soccer Edit

On February 7, 2007, the stadium hosted a soccer match attended by 62,462 fans. The United States men's national soccer team defeated Mexico, 2–0. On January 21, 2012, the U.S. played against Venezuela and won the match 1–0.

On January 30, 2013, Mexico played against Denmark, a game that was broadcast on Televisa Deportes, UniMás, and TV Azteca. The match ended in a 1–1 draw. [19]

On November 19, 2015, the stadium was one of the sites selected for the 2016 Copa América Centenario. [20] [21] [22] The stadium hosted three matches, including Mexico vs. Uruguay on June 5, and the third-place match (United States vs. Colombia) on June 25.

In club soccer, Real Madrid battled MLS side LA Galaxy in August 2013. The Spanish side defeated the Galaxy 3–1.

The stadium has hosted the CONCACAF Gold Cup and the first semi-final of the 2019 Gold Cup.

Date Winning Team Result Losing Team Tournament Spectators
February 7, 2007 United States 2–0 Mexico International Friendly 62,462
July 12, 2009 Panama 4–0 Nicaragua 2009 CONCACAF Gold Cup Group C 23,876
Mexico 2–0 Guadeloupe
November 19, 2011 United States women 1–1 Sweden women Women’s International Friendly 18,482
January 21, 2012 United States 1–0 Venezuela International Friendly 22,403
December 1, 2012 United States women 2–0 Republic of Ireland women Women’s International Friendly 11,570
January 30, 2013 Mexico 1–1 Denmark International Friendly 43,345
August 1, 2013 Real Madrid 3–1 LA Galaxy 2013 International Champions Cup Round 1 38,922
April 2, 2014 United States 2–2 Mexico International Friendly 59,066
July 12, 2015 Guatemala 0–0 Mexico 2015 CONCACAF Gold Cup Group C 62,910
Trinidad and Tobago 2–0 Cuba
December 13, 2015 United States women 2–0 China PR women Women’s International Friendly 19,066
June 5, 2016 Mexico 3–1 Uruguay Copa América Centenario Group C 60,025
June 8, 2016 Ecuador 2–2 Peru Copa América Centenario Group B 11,937
June 25, 2016 Colombia 1–0 United States Copa América Centenario Third place game 29,041
July 20, 2017 Jamaica 2–1 Canada 2017 CONCACAF Gold Cup Quarterfinals 37,404
Mexico 1–0 Honduras
January 27, 2019 United States 3–0 Panama International Friendly 9,040
July 2, 2019 Mexico 1–0 Haiti 2019 CONCACAF Gold Cup Semi-final 62,363
July 24, 2021 Winner Group D TBD Runner-up Group A 2021 CONCACAF Gold Cup Quarterfinals TBD
Winner Group A TBD Runner-up Group D

WrestleMania Edit

The stadium hosted the WWE event WrestleMania XXVI which took place on March 28, 2010, with 72,219 fans in attendance. [23] This was the first WrestleMania since WrestleMania XI with a non-title match as a main event, the first WrestleMania to be held in the state of Arizona and the third to be held in an open-air venue, [23] [24] after WrestleMania IX and WrestleMania XXIV. The event grossed $5.8 million in ticket sales, making the event the highest grossing and attended entertainment event held at the University of Phoenix Stadium. [25]

Concerts Edit

Date Artist Opening act(s) Tour / Concert name Attendance Revenue Notes
March 28, 2010 WWE John Cena,Undertaker,Triple H,Batista ET WrestleMania XXVI 72,219 $5,800,000 WrestleMania XXVI generated approximately 885,000 PPV buys and the event grossed $5.8 million in ticket sales, making the event the highest-grossing and attended entertainment event held at the University of Phoenix Stadium.
November 8, 2006 Rolling Stones Alice Cooper A Bigger Bang Tour 41,772 / 41,772 $3,286,121
November 26, 2007 Fall Out Boy Gym Class Heroes
Plain White T's
Cute Is What We Aim For
Doug
Young Wild Things Tour N/A N/A
May 31, 2008 Kenny Chesney Keith Urban
Gary Allan
Sammy Hagar
Poets and Pirates Tour 40,098 / 47,132 $3,151,970
October 20, 2009 U2 The Black Eyed Peas U2 360° Tour 50,775 / 50,775 $4,912,050
September 16, 2014 One Direction 5 Seconds of Summer Where We Are Tour 56,524 / 56,524 $5,035,880
August 15, 2016 Guns N' Roses Zakk Wylde
Tyler Bryant & The Shakedown
Not in This Lifetime. Tour 44,110 / 48,914 $4,257,189 [26]
August 4, 2017 Metallica Avenged Sevenfold
Gojira
WorldWired Tour 52,926 / 52,926 $5,246,586
September 19, 2017 U2 Beck The Joshua Tree Tour 2017 42,814 / 42,814 $4,169,215 [27]
May 8, 2018 Taylor Swift Camila Cabello
Charli XCX
Reputation Stadium Tour 59,157 / 59,157 $7,214,478 Before the tour began, Swift invited 2,000 foster and adopted children to a private dress rehearsal. [28]
September 19, 2018 Beyoncé
Jay Z
Chloe X Halle and DJ Khaled On the Run II Tour 37,174 / 37,174 $4,426,568
March 23, 2019 Garth Brooks Easton Corbin The Garth Brooks Stadium Tour 77,653 / 77,653 N/A This is the highest attended indoor concert in Arizona history.
August 26, 2019 The Rolling Stones Kaleo No Filter Tour 52,726 / 52,726 $9,747,170 This concert was originally scheduled to take place on May 7, 2019 but was postponed due to Mick Jagger recovering from a heart procedure. [29] This is the highest-grossing concert in the stadium to date.

Other events Edit

The stadium has also hosted other events, including the Fiesta Bowl National Band Championship High School Marching Band competition and several high school graduations. [ citation needed ]

On August 1, 2009, the stadium hosted Monster Jam Summer Heat, with Maximum Destruction defeating Captain's Curse in the racing finals and Grave Digger winning the freestyle event. [ citation needed ]

The stadium hosted the inaugural Stadium Super Trucks race on April 6, 2013. [30]

On January 30, 2016, Monster Jam returned to the stadium for the first time since 2009, with 16 of the best trucks. On February 6, the AMA Supercross Championship raced for the first time, after visiting Chase Field from 1999 to 2015.


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